In protest, Gandhi started a fast-unto-death, while he was held in prison. * Dr. Aniruddha Dhairyadhar Joshi (Bapu) spent most of his early childhood at his maternal grandmother's place. , Time magazine named Gandhi the Man of the Year in 1930.  When women insisted that they join the movement and public demonstrations, according to Thapar-Bjorkert, Gandhi asked the volunteers to get permissions of their guardians and only those women who can arrange child-care should join him. In the song Porter rhymes "Mahatma Gandhi' with "Napoleon Brandy. Gandhi led Congress celebrated 26 January 1930 as India's Independence Day in Lahore.  Some Indians thought Gandhi was too accommodating. In a shocking incident, a Satsang was organized for rape-convict Asaram Bapu in the Shahjahanpur District Jail on Tuesday.  Gandhi exchanged letters with Rajchandra when he was in South Africa, referring to him as Kavi (literally, "poet"). , Gandhi focused his attention on Indians while in South Africa. , Gandhi championed animal rights in general. He was critical of Christian missionary efforts in British India, because they mixed medical or education assistance with demands that the beneficiary convert to Christianity. That year, the committee chose not to award the peace prize stating that "there was no suitable living candidate" and later research shows that the possibility of awarding the prize posthumously to Gandhi was discussed and that the reference to no suitable living candidate was to Gandhi. " British violence, Gandhi promised, was going to be defeated by Indian non-violence. He asked Christians to stop humiliating his country and his people as heathens, idolators and other abusive language, and to change their negative views of India. In this effort, he urged that they neither kill nor injure British people, but be willing to suffer and die if violence is initiated by the British officials. , Some scholars state Gandhi supported a religiously diverse India, while others state that the Muslim leaders who championed the partition and creation of a separate Muslim Pakistan considered Gandhi to be Hindu nationalist or revivalist. , Archibald Wavell, the Viceroy and Governor-General of British India for three years through February 1947, had worked with Gandhi and Jinnah to find a common ground, before and after accepting Indian independence in principle. In 1909, Gandhi wrote to Tolstoy seeking advice and permission to republish A Letter to a Hindu in Gujarati. ", Gokhale, B. G. "Gandhi and the British Empire,", Juergensmeyer, Mark. Gandhi ignored this, and on 4 September, he sailed from Bombay to London, with his brother seeing him off. He found it humiliating, struggling to understand how some people can feel honour or superiority or pleasure in such inhumane practices. Bapu (father) is an word that is usually associated with the great Indian freedom fighter Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. , Gandhi called his ideas Nai Talim (literally, 'new education'). , According to Dennis Dalton, it was the ideas that were responsible for his wide following. The Times of India News App for Latest City News, Copyright © 2020 Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. All rights reserved. Please continue to bless me. Philosopher Martin Buber was highly critical of Gandhi's approach and in 1939 wrote an open letter to him on the subject. The Second Round Table conference was the only time he left India between 1914 and his death in 1948.  Winston Churchill also compared Gandhi to a Sufi fakir. , In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly declared Gandhi's birthday 2 October as "the International Day of Nonviolence. , Gandhi spent the day of independence not celebrating the end of the British rule but appealing for peace among his countrymen by fasting and spinning in Calcutta on 15 August 1947. Another grandson, Kanu Ramdas Gandhi (the son of Gandhi's third son Ramdas), was found living in an old age home in Delhi despite having taught earlier in the United States. Gandhi in Ahmedabad, on the day after the massacre in Amritsar, did not criticise the British and instead criticised his fellow countrymen for not exclusively using love to deal with the hate of the British government. , Gandhi also wrote several books including his autobiography, The Story of My Experiments with Truth (Gujarātī "સત્યના પ્રયોગો અથવા આત્મકથા"), of which he bought the entire first edition to make sure it was reprinted. 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