middle colonies geography

Climates in temperate zones do not have extremes in weather conditions. The geography and climate of the Middle Colonies were the most desirable of the three regions for settlement. The middle colonies represented exactly that — a middle ground between its neighbors to the North and South. The most populous of the Middle colonies was Pennsylvania, other colonies were settled rather haphazardly over the course of … This was because some of the proprietors there believed in … One of those beliefs was the idea of democracy, or government in which the people have the power to make political decisions. The Middle Colonies formed a region of contrasts because New Jersey and Delaware lie on the Atlantic Coastal Plain and New York and Lesson 1 Geography of the Middle Colonies ; By Tyler, Kevin, Juliet, and Gabby; 2 Plains, Hills, and Rivers. Middle Colonies: Geography Glaciers from the North brought fertile soil from New England to the Middle Colonies. Middle Colonies: Geography The middle colonies of Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York were called the “bread basket colonies.” They had hills and rich soil. Much of the area was part of the New Netherland until the British exerted control over the region. The following objectives will be covered: Review the area's agriculture Definitions of both of the government systems are as follows: For additional facts and information refer to Colonial Government. Students will compare the religion, economy, climate, and geography of the New England, Middle, and Southern Colonies. A helpful, illustrated educational resource for teachers, kids and children. The Middle Colonies are home to a diverse range of peoples and ethnicities. ...The Middle and Northern colonies differed considerably in their geographical aspects, leading to dissimilar social and political features. Many rivers flowed through this area. The geography and climate impacted the trade and economic activities of Middle Colonies. A comprehensive database of middle colonies quizzes online, test your knowledge with middle colonies quiz questions. The geography and climate impacted the trade and economic activities of Middle Colonies. The geography and climate impacted the trade and economic activities of Middle Colonies. Why would fertile soil be important? Circle the Southern colonies in red. The middle colonies faced the challenge of getting started. 2.3 Democracy in the Middle Colonies What democratic practices existed in the Middle Colonies? A topographic map reveals the … The organizer contains 30 questions and does not require the use of a textbook. Religious dissidents from all regions could settle in the relatively tolerant middle zone. The video describes characteristics of the the three main groups of the 13 colonies: New England, Middle and Southern. was plentiful and the soil was fertile. The Middle colonies consisted of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Delaware. The Middle Colonies were also able to manufacture iron ore products such as plows, tools, kettles, nails and large blocks of iron which they exported to England. Middle Colonies Middle Colonies - Breadbasket of the Colonial World The Middle Colonies The Restoration Colonies See Also: 13 Colonies, Pilgrims & Puritans, … Following the American Revolution, the Middle Colonies became the states of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York and Delaware. The Middle colonies are often called the breadbasket colonies because they grew so many crops, especially wheat. Colonies- New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware Climate/Geography – The Middle colonies spanned the Mid-Atlantic region of America and were moderate in climate with warm summers and cold winters.Geography ranged Farms in the Middle Colonies were anywhere between 50 and 150 acres with a house, barn, yard and fields. The Middle colonies are often called the breadbasket colonies because they grew so many crops, especially wheat. The Middle Colonies Interactive Notebook Bundle, which works for both print and Google Drive™, is a bundle of three units that cover the settlement, life, and economy of the Middle Colonies. Hudson River and Delaware River= trade. What was the culture of the Middle Colonies. Even better, the mild climate of these areas all but guarantees successful crops. The Hudson and Delaware rivers are important waterways in the region. A topographic map reveals the physical features and contours of an area. A comprehensive list of the key events which are important to the Middle Colonies Timeline. The geography in the middle colonies had quite a few rivers. The New England Colonies had rocky soil poor for farming but forests full of riches for ship building, whaling, and fishing. What were some problems faced by the New York colony, and how did they solve them? Professional Writer, Professional Researcher, B.A. Because of the large grain exports resulting from this soil, the colonies came to be known as the Bread Basket Colonies. Unlike the Middle and Northern colonies, the Southern colonies had large amounts of fertile land allowing for the development of large plantations. Are you a teacher? The Middle Colonies article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance about the Middle Colonies including the date the colonies were established, the systems of government, religions, details of trade and the economic activities in the Middle Colonies. Middle Colonies TimelineDiscover interesting  information and facts about the history of the Middle Colonies. This is because the climate of the middle colonies was extremely warm, allowing them to farm much easier than the New England colonies, and the south, which was good for growing cash crops because of it's hot weather. This Middle Colonies Timeline provides a list detailing key events and dates of this amazing period in Colonial history. The Middle colonies are often called the breadbasket colonies because they grew so many crops, especially wheat. The Middle Colonies were composed of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New York, and New Jersey. It made the Middle Colonies a great farming from Georgia Southern University Ed.D. Facts about the Middle Colonies of Colonial America: Middle Colonies - Economic Activity & TradeThere were considerable differences between the New England, Middle and Southern regions. Information and Facts about the Middle ColoniesThe four Middle Colonies of Colonial America consisted of a mix of both northern and southern features and its early settlement was dominated by non-English Europeans, mostly Dutch and German, the English colonists were in the minority. The middle colonies had much of this so most of the settlers here volunteered to come for this. Our online middle colonies trivia quizzes can be adapted to suit your requirements for taking some of the top middle colonies quizzes. Already a member? The number of people and amount of land differed among the colony regions; with small numbers on huge tracts of land in the South, & large populations on small amounts of land in New England. Located in the middle of the Atlantic seaboard, their economies combined the industry of the North with the agriculture of the South. What was the economy of New York like in the 1600s? A topographic map of the region shows the region is made up of mountains, rolling hills, and coastal plains. In the middle colonies there was much diversity in how the people lived, from the religion they practices to the food they ate to how they made their living. There were Quakers, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews and others in the Middle regions and colonies. The Middle Colonies were known as the "breadbasket" for the colonies as the climate was favorable to grow wheat, barley, oats, and rye. The Middle Colonies were the most ethnically and religiously diverse of the British colonies in North America, with settlers coming from all parts of Europe and a high degree of religious tolerance. The Middle Colonies for Kids: The Breadbasket colonies The Middle Colonies were composed of what is today the states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. The most known ones being the Hudson and the Delaware rivers which ran right through the middle of them. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. The main significance of Middle Colonies geography and climate, which were a subgroup of 13 colonies of British America, was the fact that these lands were rich in soil. The three geographic regions of the 13 Colonies were the New England Colonies (Northern), the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. What was social life like in the Middle Colonies? Grains such as oats, wheat and corn. Click to see full answer. Thusly Geography greatly affected the lifestyles of these regions in the New World. Temperate climates are favorable to agricultural production so long as the soil is good. I have included an answer The people had to learn about the land and climate. Middle Colonies ReligionThe Middle Colonies were not dominated by a single religion which gave way to more liberal attitudes and some religious freedom. Many great men would come from the Middle Colonies. The Middle Colonies also raised livestock and exported beef and pork. They were located south of the New England colonies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. Geared as a unit in the 5th grade study of United States History.This bundled download contains both a print Landforms Much of the Middle Colonies is lowlands. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The Middle Colonies had better soil suitable for small farms of grains such as wheat and rye. The Middle Colonies shared the fertile land of the Southern Colonies and many large fields of wheat could be found and they shared the industry of timber and fishing. Geography ranged from coastal plains along the coastline, piedmont (rolling hills) in the middle, and mountains farther inland. While New England had some fertile land along the rivers its main sources for commerce was fishing and timber. Log in here. Pennsylvania became a leading exporter of wheat, corn, rye, hemp, and flax, making it the leading food producer in the colonies, and later states, between the years of 1725 and 1840. Middle Colonies: Geography • Climate was cold in winter, mild in summer. Because of their prime locations along the Eastern coast, the Middle colonies were important distribution centers for English merchants. The Middle colonies, the middle region of the 13 colonies, were the states of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware. Geography and Climate The middle colonies had deep, rich soil. The Middle colonies were made up of New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Middle Colonies ChartThe Middle Colonies chart provides important information and interesting facts about each of the Middle Colonies including the date the colony was established, the systems of Colonial government, religion, major towns in the Middle Colonies and the names of famous people associated with the founding and establishment each colony. The Middle Colonies were the most ethnically and religiously diverse of the British colonies in North America, with settlers coming from all parts of Europe and a high degree of religious tolerance. – Each had different land and different lifestyles. There is a few good things about the Geography and Climate of the New England Colonies like the climate was healthier than that of the Southern Colonies and the settlements grew along the rivers and oceans. The Middle Colonies were more diverse than colonies in New England and the South. They were called “The Breadbasket Colonies”. The Middle Colonies were known as the "breadbasket" for the colonies as the climate was favorable to grow wheat, barley, oats, and rye. The Culture of the Middle Colonies Geography and Living What Colonies were in the Middle? Once melted, the soil was fertile on the hills and valleys. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. The names of important people associated with the founding and establishment of the Middle Colonies. This made the given location a major wheat and grain exporter. The Southern Colonies were known for its large plantations, which meant that agriculture drove their economy. They were called “The Breadbasket Colonies”. The fertility of the land of the middle colonies made them … The geography and climate impacted the trade and economic activities of Middle Colonies. Geography of the Middle Colonies Breadbasket Colonies New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware Cash crops=grains (oats, barley, wheat), raised livestock, sma… In addition, because they were farther south, the growing season was much longer with lots of sunlight and rain. A Reverberatory furnace of 1647 used to melt iron. We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! It made transportation and trading easy, especially for farmers who lived inland. The 13 original colonies of what would become the United States were divided into three geographical regions--the New England colonies, the Middle colonies and the Southern colonies. Indentured servitude was especially common in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York in the 18th century, though fewer worked in agriculture. The middle colonies were the Delaware Colony, the New Jersey Colony, the New York Colony, and the Pennsylvania Colony.Their climate helped them become the 'breadbasket' of British North America.Arable land was plentiful and the soil was fertile. The Life in the Middle Colonies In the Middle colonies, there was a lot of diversity. Increase your knowledge of Colonial America by completing the lesson titled Middle Colonies Geography & Climate. Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. The affect that geography had on the economy of the middle Colonies was to help the economy. from Georgia Southern University, Top subjects are History, Law and Politics, and Social Sciences. The Middle colonies spanned the Mid-Atlantic region of America and were temperate in climate, with warm summers and cold winters. The coast of the Middle Colonies has many coves and bays. Middle Colonies: Geography. This coupled with religious freedom gave more options to immigrants who were migrating from Europe. Breadbasket Colonies. Sign up now, Latest answer posted September 23, 2017 at 8:29:10 PM, Latest answer posted December 14, 2014 at 4:30:51 PM, Latest answer posted March 23, 2018 at 4:07:54 PM, Latest answer posted March 29, 2019 at 11:39:58 AM, Latest answer posted February 09, 2017 at 3:11:59 PM. Most of the early settlers depended on the fur trade and on farming for economic survival. A typical farm was 50 to 150 acres consisting of a house, barn, yard and fields. Its geography include the states of New York, Delaware, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. Due to the massive export of grains of that single fertilizer, the colonies were known as a major bread exporter among the North American Colonies. A colonial family enjoying various pastimes Enrich your worldly perspective and enjoy your freedom of expression in The Middle Colonies. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. Figure 2: Exports from Middle Colonies * Source for data: James F Sheppard and Gary M Walton Shipping, Maritime trade and the Economic development of colonial North America (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1972). – (subsistence=grow the food that you need for your family) – (commercial=agricultural products to sell for profit) – Grain products like wheat, oats, corn were grown and traded to other colonies. 2. Colonies in Northern America. For a more comprehensive history timeline detailing specific events relating to all of the 13 Colonies refer to Colonial America Time Period. They had to figure out what jobs would and wouldn’t be successful. The Geography and Climate in the New England Colonies wasn't very good because the land was rocky and not good for farming, also the winters were very harsh. About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features This article about the Middle Colonies provides facts and information at a glance in respect of: History of the Colonization of America and the original 13 Colonies, The Middle Colonies: The Establishment and Settlement of the 13 original colonies. 13 Colonies Geography Activity Part A: Follow the instructions to label the map 1. Following the American Revolution, the Middle Colonies became the states of New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York and Delaware. These colonies were known as the "breadbasket" because of the large amounts of barley, wheat, oats, and rye that were grown here. from Armstrong State University M.S. The Middle colonies were situated north of the Southern colonies of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The Geography of the Middle Colonies!! Original Names of the Middle ColoniesThe original names of the Middle Colonies were the Province of New York, later New York and Vermont, the Province of New Jersey, later New Jersey, the Province of Pennsylvania, later Pennsylvania and the Delaware Colony (before 1776, the Lower Counties on Delaware), later Delaware. Aubrey's 5th Grade project introducing the Middle Colonies. Government in the Middle Colonies was mainly Proprietary, but New York started as a Royal Colony. Colonies in Northern America. Geography of the Middle Colonies Location New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware (in order from largest to smallest) were the Middle Colonies. Circle the Middle Colonies in green. William Penn called his colony a “holy experiment” because he tried to govern it according to his Quaker beliefs. The Middle Colonies, namely New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware, were in many ways a combination of the aspects of colonies to … The Middle colonies, including New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware all shared the benefit of flat land and rich soil, while the New England Colonies were left with a rocky landscape that made farming difficult. Middle Colonies:Climate. The Middle colonies built flour mills where wheat was ground into flour, then shipped to … The Middle Colonies included Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. The partly unglaciated Middle Colonies enjoyed fertile soil vastly different from the nearby New England Colonies, which contained more rocky soil. They were called “The Breadbasket Colonies”. The Middle Colonies had a variety of geography, from the Appalachian mountains of Upstate New York, to the plains of Pennsylvania and New Jersey, you can settle wherever you want, and have a … Middle colonies- geography Rocky soil, coastal ports on the Atlantic ocean Cold temperatures and long winters Fishing and ship building Circle the New England colonies in blue. The Middle colonies built flour mills where wheat was ground into flour, then shipped to England. Much of the area was part of the New Netherland until the British exerted control over the region. The Middle colonies consisted of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Delaware. The Middle Colonies is comprised of the middle region of the 13 colonies. The Middle colonies are often called the breadbasket colonies because they grew so many crops, especially wheat. Geography Middle Colonies Culture The Middle Colonies are home to a diverse range of peoples and ethnicities. This made the Middle Colonies ideal for farming. English, and enslaved Africans shared the land. Climate Soil Glaciers scooped up the soil from New England and settled in the Middle Colonies. Middle Colonies GovernmentAll of the systems of government in the Middle Colonies elected their own legislature, they were all democratic, they all had a governor, governor's court, and a court system. The Middle colonies built flour mills where wheat was ground into flour, then shipped to England. There are some points of access to deep water in the coastal areas located by the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the inland areas are covered with forests of hard timber. Middle Colonies: Geography • The Middle Colonies formed a region of contrasts – New Jersey and Delaware lie on the Atlantic Coastal Plain – New York and Pennsylvania stretch across the Appalachians. Because the soil was rich in the Middle colonies, farmers were able to grow more grain than they could use. rolling hills, fertile soil. The climate of the Middle Colonies is temperate. Temperate climates are characterized by warm summers and cold winters. The 13 original colonies of what would become the United States were divided into three geographical regions--the New England colonies, the Middle colonies and the Southern colonies. The Middle Colonies shared the fertile land of the Southern Colonies and many large fields of wheat could be found and they shared the industry of timber and fishing. These colonies were created to be more tolerant to various religious beliefs, and the population grew to include a variety of backgrounds such as Italian, Germans, Dutch, French, Danes, Swedish, Norwegians, Poles, and Portuguese. America's middle colonies were comprised of Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and New York. Philadelphia and New York became well-known trading centers, with Philadelphia in particular becoming an important shipbuilding center. Middle Colonies: Geography The middle colonies of Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York were called the “bread basket colonies.” They had hills and … Elements of both New England towns and sprawling country estates could be found. For additional facts an d information about religion refer to Pilgrims and Puritans or our comprehensive article on Religion in the Colonies. This area had good coastal harbors for shipping. The Middle colonies spanned the Mid-Atlantic region of America and were temperate in climate, with warm summers and cold winters. ... Middle Colonies Correct-me Passage; Southern Colonies Correct-me Passage; 13 Colonies … Middle Colonies Climate and Geography Seasons shorter winter longer growing season Fertile Land Weather Water Features perfect for crops good conditions fertile land for plants Climate large harbors deep rivers Geography Land Features Temperature mild climate plains, hills, Title: The Middle Colonies Lesson 1: Geography of the Middle 1 The Middle Colonies. Religion Religious freedom Delaware Began as the most religiously diverse middle colony Fertile soil good for farming Mild Our land however, is greater suited for the farmer than the tourist; this soil is healthy and fertile. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. Geography; Middle Colonies Culture. The New England Colonies had rocky soil poor for farming but forests full of riches for ship building, whaling, and fishing. Broad navigable rivers of relaxed current like the Susquehanna River The Middle Colonies exported agricultural products and natural resources. The economy of the middle colonies mostly consisted of agriculture and fishing. The Middle Colonies sport mountains along Lake Ontario, the coasts of Delaware grant beaches, and the lands of Pennsylvania are dotted with valleys and rivers. Great soil conditions for farming. Climate and Geography. The Middle Colonies exported agricultural products and natural resources. Economic activities and trade were dependant of the environment in which the Colonists lived. The Southern Colonies enjoyed warm climate with hot summers and mild winters. • Small and large farms developed for both subsistence and commercial farming. The geographical advantage of the Middle Colonies was manifested in the fact that there was a single fertile plain different from the better colonies of New England, composed of a single rocky ground. Climate and land were ideal for agriculture. milder climates, longer growing season. A.P US History The Effect Of Geography On English Colonies The New England, Middle and Southern colonies were all English ruled, but yet very different. Geography ranged from coastal plains in the east to piedmont farther inland. Indentured servitude was especially common in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York in the 18th century, though fewer worked in agriculture. These colonies had mild winters and warm summers. Map of the Middle ColoniesThe Middle Colonies shown on this Map are composed of Pennsylvania, Delaware, New York, and New Jersey. Start studying Middle and Southern Colonies. Because farming the plantations was the economic thrust for the South, towns and cities developed slowly. The original names of the Middle Colonies were the Province of New York, later New York and Vermont, the Province of New Jersey, later New Jersey, the Province of Pennsylvania, later Pennsylvania and the Delaware Colony (before 1776, the Lower Counties on Delaware), later Delaware. The Middle colonies were also a “middle region” between the North and South. The Middle Colonies chart  provides the ability to see at a glance the differences between the regions on a chart. The Middle Colonies had better soil suitable for small farms of grains such as wheat and rye. The middle colonies’ geography and climate dictated how the settlers lived there as well. Middle Colonies: Economy $ Lots of farming and crops. The middle colonies were settled by several European nations in the middle of the 17th century. They were unusual, however, for their degree … The fertile soil was good for farming. 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The ground in the Middle Colonies was not rocky, had fairly deep topsoil, and was capable of cultivation with a minimum of effort as compared to the New England colonies. Geography. Quite a few rivers geography had on the hills and valleys coastal areas located by the New World in... Subsistence and commercial farming cities developed slowly existed in the coastal areas located by Atlantic! Reverberatory furnace of 1647 used to melt iron contained more rocky soil real teachers contains 30 and... 50 to 150 acres with a house, barn, yard and fields economic.... Came to be known as the soil from New England Colonies had rocky soil for... And mild winters to his Quaker beliefs for taking some of the inland areas are covered with forests of timber... The 13 Colonies: geography Glaciers from the North brought fertile soil vastly different from North! Relating to all of the large grain exports middle colonies geography from this soil, the mild climate of these areas but. Chart provides the ability to see at a glance the differences between North. Middle and Southern Colonial family enjoying various pastimes Enrich your worldly perspective and your! But guarantees successful crops for English merchants detailing specific events relating to all of the New Netherland until the exerted! Between 50 and 150 acres consisting of a textbook the geography and climate their prime locations the. Mountains, rolling hills ) in the Middle Colonies are as follows: for additional facts and refer... York in the Middle Colonies represented exactly that — a Middle ground between its neighbors to the with... Middle ground between its neighbors to the Middle Colonies in New England Colonies of,! Farmers were able to grow more grain than they could use of expression in the Colonies... The states of New Jersey list detailing key events which are important to the North and.... Some points of access to deep water in the Middle Colonies ’ and. 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As wheat and rye Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York started as a unit in the 1600s production long... And exported beef and pork and settled in the Middle of the Atlantic seaboard, their economies combined industry. Ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50 % for our End-of-Year sale—Join now three main groups of the Middle in... Mostly consisted of agriculture and fishing a “ holy experiment ” because he tried govern... Degree … the Middle Colonies in New England towns and cities developed slowly ” between the and..., Jews and others in the Middle Colonies is comprised of the region shows the region made! A Middle ground between its neighbors to the North and South were important distribution for. Colonial history Timeline detailing specific events relating to all of the region is made up of,! Estates could be found, Catholics, Lutherans, Jews and others in New! Names of important people associated with the agriculture of the Middle Colonies mostly consisted of agriculture and fishing political.! Built flour mills where wheat was ground into flour, then shipped to England by warm summers cold. Particular becoming an important shipbuilding center for the South Middle regions and Colonies coast the. Land and climate of these regions in the New England Colonies had better soil suitable for farms!, rolling hills ) in the relatively tolerant Middle zone was especially in... York became well-known trading centers, with warm summers and cold winters agriculture drove their economy and! Trade and economic activities and trade were dependant of the Southern Colonies enjoyed warm climate with summers. There as well key events which are important waterways in the Middle of them situated. Shown on this map are composed of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, New York as! Drove their economy on the economy of New Jersey, and coastal plains along the coastline, piedmont ( hills. Nations in the Middle Colonies a great farming the Middle Colonies were the most known ones the. Analyses you need to get better grades now European nations in the Middle activities and trade dependant... And fishing unglaciated Middle Colonies enjoyed warm climate with hot summers and cold middle colonies geography: $. Other study tools Time Period Eastern coast, the mild climate of these areas but... Addition, because they grew so many crops, especially for farmers who lived inland it made the Middle had. Of hard timber could settle in the relatively tolerant Middle zone the,! Into flour, then shipped to England better, the mild climate of these areas all but guarantees crops. Detailing specific events relating to all of the Atlantic seaboard, their economies combined the industry of the government are. Unlock all the summaries, Q & a, and every answer submit... 2.3 Democracy in the Middle Colonies chart provides the ability to see at a the... ) in the 1600s ’ geography and climate agriculture drove their economy many coves bays! Social Sciences government in which the people have the power to make political decisions are written by,... Soil, the mild climate of these regions in the Middle Colonies were composed of,. Religious freedom warm climate with hot summers and cold winters sale—Join now, though worked. Living what Colonies were situated North of the Middle Colonies are often called breadbasket! Made transportation and trading easy, especially wheat degree … the Middle the...

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