They also served for evacuation of patients from forward to rear bases in the MTO and PTO Theaters. Okinawa was considered the final frontier in the Pacific Theater before storming the Japanese mainland. A US Army Base (Base “G”) was set up at Hollandia, western New Guinea in mid-44 primarily to prepare and support future operations in the Philippines. He was very proud to be a WWII veteran. In January 1945, Lt. Equipment varied according to the size of the complement, and generally included basic unit equipment and 0 to 4 expansion units (based on a 100-bed capacity). Too Close for Comfort by Dale P. Harper Trafford Publishing, 2001, 149 pages. It served, together with the 58th Evac Hosp, in the Leyte and Luzon Campaigns. By 30 Jun 44, the 27th Hosp Cen had been developed, including 4 General, 2 Station, and 1 Field Hospital with an aggregate bed capacity of 3,650, which was increased to 8,930 by Oct 44, and further expanded to 9,502 by spring of 45. 24 Feb 44 – WDGO 51 dated 19 Jun 44, US Army Hospital Ship ’USAHS St. Olaf‘, built 1942 (former Liberty ship) – 11 knots – 586 patients – New York > United Kingdom 12 Aug 44 – 217th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 28 Dec 45) Continued deliberations, additional requirements, lack of decisions, took their toll, and not much happened. It was to be unarmed and registered with both friendly and enemy powers, in accordance with the provisions of the 1907 Hague Convention. Designated AH-4, it brought back home 1,977 patients from France in 1918). 1997. After participating in Operation Crossroads, she was decommissioned for the last time on September 13th, 1946. Meanwhile the front moved too rapidly for medical supply to keep pace, and air evacuation brought a partial solution. Evacuation numbers were now rapidly increasing; 24,666 patients crossed the Atlantic by plane and ship in January 1945, another 29,743 went in February 1945, and 30,410 returned in March 1945 … the ETO Hospitalization and Evacuation crisis was now over; lighter battle casualties and the opening of extra continental General Hospitals produced a steadily growing of bed capacity … but though the crisis had been overcome, the last offensive against Germany would entail more problems, as medical groups became unable to assume their responsibilities – by the end of April 1945, the First United States Army controlled 216 German Military Hospitals, 4 German PW Camps, 22 DP Centers, and 3 RAMP Hospitals; it not only had to deal with combat forces, but also to care for prisoners of war and non-combatants, and arrange for their evacuation. He married the love of his life Joan A. For D-Day, June 1944, Navy shore parties loaded casualties onto LSTs and other vessels for evacuation to England. Commissioned 23 Mar 44 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-9 ‘USS Bountiful’, ex-Henderson, built 1917 (former troopship) – 12 knots – 477 patients – San Francisco > Pacific 1 Apr 44 (decommissioned 13 Sep 46) 17 January 1941. Koh Chang. The Comfort class hospital ship was a United States Navy World War II-era hospital ship … The own personnel was not sufficient to cope with this large influx of prisoner patients and was therefore supplemented by Detachments of 3 Officers – 6 Nurses – and 22 Enlisted Men each belonging to the 34th – 36th – 37th Medical Hospital Ship Platoons. The ships were mainly employed in evacuating patients to the United States from North Africa, the Mediterranean Theater, the United Kingdom, continental Europe, the Southwest Pacific and the Western Pacific. Part 2 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U8-tShnWSyYPart 3 - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eOKBMdA-N-E The white hospital ships with large red crosses painted on either side were forbidden to carry cargo of any kind and were subject to enemy inspection at any time. The IJN also captured and subsequently employed a former Dutch hospital ship. Later, a separate Table of Organization was introduced to cover the Medical Ambulance Ship Company. Four (4) British Hospital Carriers were on loan to the US Navy from Great Britain. Army, World War, 1939-1945, USAHS St Olaf, USAHS Larkspur, USAHS Acadia, Military Medicine, World War II, Hospital ships -- United States, World War, 1939-1945 -- … Regardless of the number of Hospital Ships in service, it is important to note that the greater part of patients evacuated by water to the ZI was moved by Troop Transports, i.e. 29 Nov 43 – WDGO 5 dated 8 Jan 44, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Château Thierry’, built 1920 (former troopship) – 16 knots – 484 patients – Boston > N. Africa 5 Mar 44 – 208th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 11 Feb 46) But for much of 1944, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and the British Chiefs of Staff argued over how best to implement the decisions. Note: British medical personnel were RAMC (Royal Army Medical Corps) and QAIMNS (Queen Alexandra’s Imperial Military Nursing Service), This page was printed from the WW2 US Medical Research Centre on 4th June 2020 at 12:18. The SS Sagaing was a British passenger and cargo ship that sank off the coast of Sri Lanka in 1942. Covered ramp to waiting Hospital Ship. (1942-09/18/1947) ( Most Recent) Type of Archival Materials: Textual Records Level of Description: Item from Record Group 24: Records of the … Most of the records date between 1941 and 1946. White-hulled and Red Cross-marked hospital ships were used in World War II to transport large numbers of wounded or sick patients to higher echelons of medical care. Most of the records date between 1941 and 1946. Displacement. We left for Ulithi on February 13 and arrived there on March 5, 1945. Each ship's hospital was composed of 65 beds, a surgical suite, and X-Ray faciliti… In total 12 such vessels would at first operate out of Corsica, afterwards all ships embarked casualties at Ste-Maxime (S. France) and discharged American patients at Naples (Italy) and French patients at Oran (Algeria). Interior view of the surgical ward of the USAHS Shamrock. In the Pacific, they made runs from islands where battles were raging to secure regions where base hospitals or other facilities could provide treatment far from the danger of battle. Commissioned 7 Aug 44 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-8 ‘USS Mercy’, ex-C 1-B freighter hull, built 1943 – 15 knots – 400 patients – San Pedro > Southwest Pacific 31 Aug 44 – 214th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 17 May 46, reactivated as Hospital Ship and transferred to US Army 20 Jun 46, struck from Naval Register 25 Sep 46) USAHS St. Olaf, at berth, somwhere in Britain. The deployment of Army Hospital Ships was determined chiefly by combat operations. By the mid-1940s, flight nurses were graduating after additional training in swimming and rescue missions. Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941. Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean Areas Fleet Adm. C. W. Nimitz (3) Deputy Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean Areas Vice Admiral J. H. Towers (15) Chief of Joint Staff Vice Admiral C. H. McMorris (107) BB 38 PENNSYLVANIA (Flagship) Captain C. F. Martin (427) Box 611, Jefferson, North Carolina 28640 1-800-253-2187. National Archives Identifier: 305206 Title: State Summary of War Casualties from World War II for Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Personnel from Michigan, 1946 Creator: Department of the Navy. 11 Sep 43 – WDGO 65 dated 9 Oct 43, US Army Hospital Ship ‘USAHS Algonquin’, built 1926 (former East coast passenger ship) – 15 knots – 454 patients – New Orleans > N. Africa 2 Feb 44 – 203d Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 11 Jan 46) 3 Feb 44 – WDGO 40 dated 17 May 44, US Army Hospital Ship ’USAHS Dogwood‘ ex-George W. Carver, built 1943 (former Liberty ship) – 11 knots – 592 patients – New York > United Kingdom 21 Jul 44 – 218th Med Hosp Ship Co (decommissioned 25 Jan 46) They were more comfortable for patients than the LSTs, although they lacked easy boarding facilities (no ramps). Another change was the beginning of air evacuation on D+7 which greatly reduced the need for Hospital Ships! The Hospital Ships ordered by the Army (officially designated: US Army Hospital Ship > USAHS), and allowed by the Joint Chiefs of Staff only became available end 1943; they were Army-controlled, but Navy-built, commanded, and operated and were all earmarked for service in the different Theaters (only the medical staff was Army personnel)! Cargo Ship. U.S. Navy ships of the Pacific Fleet organized by homeport. 36th Evacuation Hospital, at Palo, Leyte, Philippines, October 44. The 56th Station Hospital, the largest hospital in ABS, located in Casablanca, French Morocco, established and opened a special PW enclosure (between 4-14 May 1943 –ed) at Berrichid (approximately 19 miles from Casablanca) to receive and treat huge numbers of German and Italian PWs, mostly captured after the fighting ended in Tunisia (some 20,000 to 28,000 men –ed). Photo circa 1944-1946. Partial view of one of the medical wards aboard the AH-11 Refuge, former passenger vessel converted to a 626-bed Hospital Ship operated by the Navy. 19-20 February 1942 . It was designated Hospital Ship on 24 Feb 44 by the War Department and officially announced by General Order No. In May 1942, it was decided to use cargo ship hulls and convert them into Hospital Ships. Bureau of Naval Personnel. Nevertheless LSTs continued to evacuate patients the first two months of fighting in Normandy transporting them to England. The BPF received orders on 15 March 1945 to report to Admiral Nimitz for duty in the ICEBERG operations. The ship was converted for use in the Pacific Theatre, but not before the war ended. (Mercy, Relief, Samaritan) Cargo Ships (AK) --named for astronomical bodies (Sirius, Capella) and counties of … That’s where hospital ships become lifesavers. Inter-service misunderstandings and rivalry, as well as incomplete specifications, and endless discussions, not only delayed the project, moreover it was even given a low priority! Pacific Wrecks is a not-for-profit 501(c)(3) charity dedicated to bringing home those Missing In Action (MIA) and leveraging new technologies in the study of past conflicts. The Navy in the Pacific, durning WW2 my Grandpa’s brothers Naval ship. A US Hospital Ship arrives at Charleston, South Carolina, with a load of patients evacuated from overseas Theaters. At the end of June 1945, 332 Medical Hospital Ship Platoons were in service –ed). Shuttles ran between Cherbourg and Southampton. The Hospital Carriers, converted British ferries or coastal steamers, were equally painted white with large Red Crosses (for Geneva Convention protection). Pages with broken file links, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Hospital ships, World War II casualties List of hospital ships sunk in World War II Edit Naval Institute Press (1982) ISBN 0-87021-717-8 U.S. Coast Guard in World War II, Malcolm F. Willoughby. Miscellaneous Auxiliaries. The ship was placed in reserve in February 1946, and was scrapped in February 1948. Cross-Channel evacuation looked impossible to improve, and sea evacuation to the United States was reaching its maximum capacity. XIII. 41 dated 23 May 45. When the fighting is primarily on the open ocean, providing medical treatment to the injured can be far more complicated. The ship participated in many of the Pacific campaigns during World War 2. He was very proud to be a WWII veteran. Illustration shows subject vessel underway in San Francisco Bay around August 1945, after returning from the Marianas operation (Saipan). They offered maximum safety, comfort, and medical care, and moreover they were protected by the Geneva Convention! Bountiful Serving the Fleets at Sea. Battle of the Java Sea. In total 29 Hospital Ships had been authorized for the Army during WW2, but only 24 were in service when the war ended. Commissioned in … As stated before, the problem was that in mid-1942, Hospital Ships simply did not exist! These units provided medical care for patients being evacuated on regular cargo or transport ships on their return trip to their Port of Embarkation/Debarkation, and were in fact supplementary to the permanently assigned medical personnel on board of the transport vessel. H… The list below identifies newly-built Army Hospital Ships and/or converted vessels. But as the war drew closer to Japan, the Royal Navy’s carriers offered a capability that U.S. planners could not ignore. Photo circa 1944-1946. It was briefly put into operation for a transatlantic crossing to Algeria (North Africa) course of April 1944, and made two more trips to Europe, traveling to Belfast and Liverpool in June and July 1944. U.S. Army Hospital Ship (USAHS) Charles A. Stafford, a converted transport, was in service as a hospital ship after its conversion in September 1944. Battle of Badung Strait. In addition to this, the Navy, which initially did not plan to operate Hospital Ships under the Geneva Convention, had 15 Hospital Ships at the end of the war. Patient Capacity – 95 Litter, 246 Ambulatory, Hospital Carrier “Naushon”: The next day the Relief arrived along with the [hospital ship] Comfort (AH-6). All instruments for major surgery, such as operating tables, lamps, autoclaves, inhalation, intravenous, and anesthesia facilities, skeletal tractions, gowns, and masks were stocked on board. After college he joined the Navy working on the USS Santee, an aircraft carrier and later on a hospital ship in the Pacific theatre. The first recorded was the Red Rover in 1860 during the American Civil War. Index of the ships of the U.S. fleet (Navy and Coast Guard) in commission during World War II. Medical staff necessary to accompany the evacuees were not always available in sufficient numbers, and units did not always match the number of casualties to be transported, eventually Medical Hospital Ship Platoons were standardized on the basis of 1 Medical Officer, 1 Dental Officer, and 15 EM to care for 100 patients (as opposed to 2 Officers, 4 Officers, and 11 EM in April of 1942). In the foreground is the destroyer HMS Wessex. Personnel – 5 Officers, 5 Nurses, 49 Enlisted Men (this vessel had ANC Nurses on board, assigned to Hospital Train No. Required fields are marked *. 10 December 1941. Four British Hospital Carriers helped evacuate casualties from the American D-Day beaches. The boat sank after it was bombed in a … Our work is supported by donations from viewers like you. An updated version of T/O & E 8-537 followed 3 March 1945. Hospital ships should display large Red Crosses or Red Crescents. Enlarge The National Declassification Center (NDC) at the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) recently released 192,500 pages of formerly classified U.S. Navy Command Files from the World War II era. This also applied to the ‘USAHS Armin W. Leuschner’, ex-Willard A. Holbrook, built in 1921, and about to be reconverted and refitted at Mobile, Alabama. Solace continued service throughout World War II in the Pacific. A revision in fall of 1943 of the respective duties of both the civilian and military crews were agreed by The Surgeon General and the Chief of Transportation, and the Table of Organization for the Hospital Ship Companies was consequently revised. Colonel Clifford H. Arnold, MC, was ordered to organize the ship’s medical complement. Evacuation from the Anzio Beachhead took place by LST to offshore British and American Hospital Ships and Carriers too. On 7 December 1943, a new version T/O & E 8-537T was published and redesignated Medical Hospital Ship Complement. Now, the WW2 Pacific ships. The Maheno and Marama were the poster ships of New Zealand's First World War effort. Edit. For her service, she received two battle stars before her decommissioning on April 19th, 1946. USS Solace was decommissioned in March of 1946, and struck from the Naval Vessel Register on May 21st. Busby, Anna Urda. Note: another Hospital Ship was the ‘USAHS Howard A. McCurdy’ (named after the first DC Officer killed in this war –ed), ex-President Tyler, built in 1920, and converted in Boston, Massachusetts. Ships are listed by type (battleships, aircraft carriers, etc. The … July 1942 Through August 1944 August 1944 Through January 1946 Orthopedic Surgery. In total, the US Navy would operate a fleet of 15 Hospital Ships, and 3 Ambulance Ships. https://visitpearlharbor.org/hospital-ships-of-the-pacific-theater Read more: https://www.med-dept.com/articles/ww2-hospital-ships/. During the American Civil War (1861-1865), it continuously sailed the Mississippi River treating almost 3,000 patients from both sides. “Oil was across the water. Prescriptions, balance, mortar and pestle, graduates, pharmacy, centrifuge, microscope, incubator, refrigerator, dental equipment, laboratory equipment, typewriters, safes, tables, chairs, washing machines, laundry equipment, medical library, drugs, dressings, linen, pajamas, food trays, hot plates, ward cases, bed cradles, medicine cabinets, were all available, except motor vehicles. Commissioned 28 Dec 20 – US Navy Hospital Ship AH-1 ‘USS Relief’, designed and built in 1918 as a Hospital Ship – 15 knots – 500 patients – Casco Bay > Pacific 23 Nov 1941 (served for more than 20 years as US Navy Hospital ship, decommissioned 11 Jun 46) The first date reflects the WD designation as a Hospital Ship, followed by the WDGO and date, the name of the vessel, the year built, the speed, the patient capacity, the port of departure, the destination, and finally the date of embarkation. 27-28 February 1942. World War II. Between August 1942 and December 1943, the European Theater sent 7,800 patients to the United States by sea. Crew and medical personnel are on deck, prior to their trip to the Pacific Theater via Australia on 21 June 1944. The JCS then decided to provide 3 vessels through the Maritime Commission to the Army, for conversion to Hospital Ships. You are looking for a particular ship or unit, you will have to use the FIND function your... 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