german raider thor

Almirante Cervera was a light cruiser and lead ship of the Almirante Cervera class of the Spanish Navy. Kähler turned away from Alcantara and tried to outrun her for three hours until he realized Alcantara was faster than Thor. Thor began rescuing the crew of the Voltaire, from a safe distance of 4,000 yards, to avoid damage from any secondary explosions. Thor rendezvoused with the supply ship Rekum on 25 August and then returned to Brazilian waters. Pinguin was known to the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 33, and designated HSK 5. Destination address deleted & with red violet split framed RETURN... Read more » The Captain of the Nankin issued the order to abandon ship and lowered his flags. [2] :83–84. Imprisoned on the planet Sakaar, The German crime family linked to last year's spectacular art heist in Dresden is one of Berlin's most notorious clans with a long record of gang violence and infamous crimes to its name.. The Nankin was renamed the Leuthen and taken as a prize ship to rendezvous with the Regensburg. Thor's tenth and final victim came on 20 July, the British refrigerated freighter Indus. Since leaving France in January she had sunk or captured 10 ships of 56,000 tons. Voltaire's captain and 196 men were rescued out of a crew of 296. Norwegian ships captured by the German raider Thor, WW II. link to Kattegat above), stating at the end: "We came to Abadan at the end of Febr. After the plane's strafing run, Thor opened fire with her 15 cm (5.91 in) guns, and set oil drums on the Willesden's deck on fire, forcing most of the crew to abandon the ship. August 16, 2020 0. On 14 June Thor's radar picked up a contact at 10,000 yards, and by using a converging course, was able to approach to within 1,800 yards, Thor attacked what turned out to be the 6,310 ton Dutch Shell tanker Olivia. Four British vessels made contact with the Greif and in the ensuing encounter, the commerce raider and the armed merchant cruiser RMS Alcantara were sunk. They ships were generally recent, powerful and fast, roomy and adaptable (and equipped) to fake numerous identities. With the helm unattended, Kirkpool veered towards Thor in what appeared to be an attempt to ram her attacker, which was avoided. [2] :81–82. James Alexander Pollard Blackburn, DSC, (retired), RN) was on isolated patrol in the central Atlantic, about 900 nautical miles west of the Cape Verde Islands: at 0615 hrs she was spotted by the lookouts of the German raider Thor … All of Thor's victims thus far were near the Cape of Good Hope, in the shipping lanes. This was HMS Voltaire, a 13,245 ton ship armed with eight 6 in (15 cm) and three 3 in (7.62 cm) guns. Unfortunately, the British warship failed to locate the survivors. Wendover was hit by several shells from Thor and set on fire. Two warning shots were fired, which stopped the ship; her crew was taken aboard Thor, and she was sunk by demolition charges. The number of armed United States merchant ships lost to armed raiders is not definitely known. The day after commissioning, Kormoran sailed to Kiel, where she was provisioned for a 12-month voyage. Norwegian ships captured by the German raider Michel, WW II. [1], Following the battle with Alcantara, Thor made repairs to battle damage, cleaned her boilers, and changed her disguise. A boarding party set demolition charges which caused the Wendover to capsize, and it was then sunk with gunfire. On 7 July Thor encountered the Delambre, a 7,030 GRT British freighter. Kähler ordered Kosmos to be sunk by gunfire. The three destroyers were spotted by a British light cruiser that badly damaged Z26 before one of the cruiser's torpedoes circled back around and crippled her. Thor fired a shot across her bow; she stopped without sending distress signals. The first salvo set the Olivia ablaze, killing most of the crew. Lyle Park 1942: (SS Lylepark on June 11 1942. These cruisers were given mythical names such as Atlantis, Penguin, Thor, Widder, Orion, Komet, Kormoran, Steir and Michelle. Thor carried three of her four 15 cm (5.91 in) guns aft, so Kähler decided to force Carnarvon Castle into a stern chase. Thor (HSK 4) was an auxiliary cruiser of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in World War II, intended for service as a commerce raider. Thor detected the 4,840 ton British freighter Kirkpool on his radar, the first installed on an armed merchant cruiser, on 10 April. Michel (HSK-9) was an auxiliary cruiser of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine that operated as a merchant raider during World War II. On the 11th June 1942 she was sunk by German Raider MICHEL in the South Atlantic. I can see why the British admiralty was so much troubled by this freighter-converted raider ships and vowed to hunt them down at any cost. Thor reached Yokohama on 9 October 1942 where she began refitting for a third voyage. The U-boat had observed that five lifeboats were launched and even tried to question some of the survivors, but it was impossible to understand them because they could not get closer due to the darkness and left. Thor’s name was the Germanic word for thunder, and it was the thunderbolt that was represented by his hammer, the attribute most commonly associated with him.The hammer, Mjollnir, had many marvelous qualities, including that of returning to the thrower like a boomerang; it is frequently carved on runic stones and funerary stelae. These vessels were subsequently used as merchant raiders attacking Allied commercial shipping along vital sea lanes of communication between Australia and the Middle East. Pages: 28. SS Britannia On the 25th March 1941, during World War II, SS Britannia was carrying service personnel, passengers and crew when she was attacked by the German surface raider Thor and sunk. P0005 Newspaper photo of Konte Admiral Otto Krehler, Ex-Commander of German Commerce Raider "Thor" (Alias "Vir"), and a handwritten description of his combat exploits, ending with a statement: He was also the author of all my woes. Gumprich survived to command another raider, KMS Michel. Thor scored a direct hit, which set the Natia dead in the water, though she continued wireless transmissions. Gumprich again ordered his floatplane to destroy the vessel's radio aerial before opening fire from Thor. Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Thor scored three early hits, one between the bridge and funnel, a second towards the aft of the Alcantara, and a third on the waterline which caused flooding in the engine room, forcing the Alcantara to reduce speed. The Japanese raiders in the Indian Ocean were those vessels used by the Imperial Japanese Navy during the Second World War to pursue its war on Allied commerce in that theatre. Dunkerque was laid down in December 1932, was launched October 1935, and was completed in May 1937. Thor's tenth and final victim was on 20 July, the British refrigerated freighter Indus. On 14 June Thor's radar picked up a contact at 10,000 yards, and by using a converging course, was able to approach to within 1,800 yards, Thor attacked what turned out to be the 6,310 ton Dutch Shell tanker Olivia. Also known to the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 10; to the Royal Navy she was Raider E. She was named after the Germanic deity Thor. GHOST CRUISER HK 33, by Jochen Brennecke, Wm. Dunkerque was the lead ship of the Dunkerque class of battleships built for the French Navy in the 1930s. On 4 July Thor stopped another Norwegian oil tanker, the 5,895 ton Madrono, in the same manner as Herborg. The ship was sunk with a torpedo. For three years, they were the largest ships in the RCN. Kähler decided to not risk encountering her, and reasoned that the British ship would arrive and assist those in the water. The following day Thor was again challenged, this time by the armed merchant cruiser Cheshire. They were armed with a main battery of nine 15 cm (5.9 in) guns and with twelve 50 cm (20 in) torpedo tubes. The Battle of Zanzibar was an encounter between the German Kaiserliche Marine and the British Royal Navy early in the First World War. SMS Königsberg was the lead ship of her class of light cruisers built by the German Kaiserliche Marine. Using their comprehensive armament and speed to their advantage, the raiders experienced a brief period of success. Following resupply and prisoner transfer, Leuthen and Regensburg both sailed to Japanese-held ports. Back to T.S.S. Her class included three other ships: Stettin, Stuttgart, and Nürnberg. Burdick, So. The Rossbach was eventually torpedoed by the American submarine USS Burrfish, in the Kii Channel, Japan, in May 1944.[6]. Two of Voltaire's six-inch guns continued to fire, but they scored only one hit on Thor, disabling her radio aerial. After this engagement Thor was ordered to rendezvous with the German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer to transfer men for prize crews for Pinguin's captured whaling fleet. Their armament was obsolete (old cannons … Thor set out on her second cruise on 30 November 1941 under the command of Captain Günther Gumprich. Hilfskreuzer (Auxiliary Cruiser Raider)Thor visiting Japan. 84 of Natia's 85 crew were taken aboard Thor, bringing her total to 368. Pinguin was a German auxiliary cruiser (Hilfskreuzer) which served as a commerce raider in World War II. "Voltaire" Link: German Kriegsmarine Encyclopedia Wikipedia: German auxiliary cruiser Thor Updated: 13/014/2012 On 28 July, Thor encountered the British Armed Merchant Cruiser HMS Alcantara, which was armed with eight 6-inch guns. Two warning shots were fired, which stopped the ship; her crew was taken aboard the Thor, and she was sunk by demolition charges. She supported Japanese forces during the invasion of Malaya in December 1941 and was instrumental in tracking Force Z, the two British capital ships that attempted to intercept the Japanese invasion forces, so they could be sunk by torpedo bombers. September 13, 2020 0. Painted to a nondescript livery to disguise her German identity before the introduction of all … Königsberg's captain, Commander Max Looff, decided to attack Pegasus while she was in port. The raider which spent most time at sea was Thor. Also known to the Kriegsmarine as Schiff 10; to the Royal Navy she was Raider E. She was named after the Germanic deity Thor. Thor turned away from the Alcantara and received two hits from her 6" guns, killing three crew members. Thor approached head on, and in response to Voltaire's signalling of a series of AAA's (an order to identify oneself), fired a shot across Voltaire's bow. 33 survivors eventually made landfall at Sao Luis, on the coast of Brazil, after 23 days and 1,500 miles adrift at sea. Thor fired several broadsides, the third of which hit Delambre, stopping her dead in the water, after which Thor's boarding party scuttled the ship with demolition charges. Thor hit Natia 7 or 8 more times with gunfire, and a torpedo that tore open her side, another 35 rounds were fired before she sank. On 1 April Thor intercepted another British freighter, the 4,565 ton Willesden. Thor (HSK 4) was an auxiliary cruiser of the Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in World War II, intended for service as a commerce raider. Kirkpool's crew began abandoning ship, and after a three-hour search, 32 men were rescued from the water, including Kirkpool's captain, chief engineer and first officer. After scoring several hits on the fleeing ship, Kähler allowed her to be abandoned, before firing sixteen 15 cm (5.91 in) rounds into the waterline, sinking the ship. Two weeks later, on Sept 8th, the Yugoslav Federico Glavic was stopped, but allowed to proceed unmolested, as Yugoslavia was neutral at the time. The entire crew was taken aboard Thor, and a prize crew took the renamed Hohenfriedburg to Japan. German submarine U-47 was a Type VIIB U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. [4] Thor sank or captured 10 ships on her second cruise, a total of 58,644 tons, during 328 days of operation. German wireless operators intercepted a message from a nearby British warship approaching at full speed from about 100 nautical miles (190 km) away. Besides Old Norse Þórr, extensions of the god occur in Old English as Þunor and in Old High German as Donar (runic þonar ᚦᛟᚾᚨᚱ). On 16 July Thor attacked the British freighter Wendover without warning, as Wendover was seen to be armed. Kriegsmarine (German Navy) Sinking date shown for wartime losses. She was very active in attacking the Arctic convoys ferrying war materials to the Soviet Union in 1941–1942, but only helped to sink one Allied ship herself. What about the raider Thor? ... Coronel was the last raider to attempt to break out through the English Channel. Thor again identified herself as a British freighter, and was allowed to proceed. The Madrono was halted in the same manner as Herborg, and a prize crew took her to Japan as well, renamed as Rossbach. Named after Königsberg, the capital of East Prussia, she was laid down in January 1905, launched in December of that year and completed by June 1906. The ship was fitted with six concealed 150mm guns, several smaller anti-aircraft guns, six torpedo tubes, over 200 mines and a single Arado Ar196 floatplane. The SS Mareeba was an Australian freighter built in 1921 and named after the town of Mareeba in Far North Queensland, Australia. Nankin was renamed Leuthen and taken as a prize ship to rendezvous with Regensburg. Admiral Scheer [ˌatmiˈʁaːl ʃeːɐ̯] was a Deutschland-class heavy cruiser (often termed a pocket battleship) which served with the Kriegsmarine of Nazi Germany during World War II.The vessel was named after Admiral Reinhard Scheer, German commander in the Battle of Jutland.She was laid down at the Reichsmarinewerft shipyard in Wilhelmshaven in June 1931 and completed by November … Another 35 rounds were fired before she sank. On 1 April Thor intercepted another British freighter, the 4,565 ton Willesden. Several ships went out independently and were never heard from again. Built by Germaniawerft in 1936 as the freighter Cairo, she was operated by the Atlas Levant Line (ALL) until being requisitioned for Kriegsmarine services in November 1939. She wandered in the Pacific, Indian and Atlantic, but sank all but two victims in the Pacific. Known as Schiff 28, her Royal Navy designation was Raider H. She was the last operative German raider of World War II. Thor began rescuing Voltaire's crew from a safe distance of 4,000 yards to avoid damage from any secondary explosions. En su origen fue el refrigerador propulsado por turbinas Santa Cruz de la naviera Oldenburg-Portugiesischen Dampfschiffs-Rhederei, de Oldemburgo, utilizado en la línea de Hamburgo a las Islas Canarias y África. In terms of mileage, Orion topped among the raiders. German Raiders - On the 30th, German raider "THOR" was destroyed in Yokohama, Japan when a supply ship laying alongside caught fire and blew up. Five days later on the 19th, Thor intercepted the Norwegian oil tanker Herborg. Thor was wrecked beyond repair, and was abandoned. She was carrying secret papers from the New Zealand "Combined Intelligence Centre" in Wellington to the C-in-C, Eastern Fleet in Colombo. A number of survivors of the ship were sent to France on the blockade runner Doggerbank and killed when the ship was mistakenly sunk by U-43 on 3 March 1943 with all but one of her 365 crew lost. [2] :91, On her return trip to Germany, Thor encountered a third armed merchant cruiser off the Cape Verde islands. The freighter's radio operator kept up a steady stream of distress signals, until another shell from Thor hit the bridge, killing him and knocking out the radio, and setting the bridge on fire. Instead of risking further combat, Thor made her escape under cover of a dense smokescreen. The Military Museums Library and Archives 4520 Crowchild Trail SW Calgary Alberta T2T 5J4 Telephone: 403.410.2359 Fax: 403.410.2359 Email: … On 10 May Thor's seaplane sighted the 7,130 ton Australian liner Nankin, en route to Bombay. Very interesting, very good, a detail account of the German Raider Atlantis by her captain Bernhard Rogge. The crew of 33 abandoned the ship and were taken aboard the Thor, and the Tela was sunk by demolition charges. I am eager to locate and make contact with any of the more than 300 civilian passengers (incl. [5]. The class comprised three ships named after German cities: Königsberg, Karlsruhe, and Köln, all built between 1926 and 1930. (18) To change that situation, by the end of November 1941, "Thor," had been prepared to make her second foray as a Raider, and she left Kiel under Captain Gumprich who had replaced Kahler. The German Raiders Thor and Michel . On 26 September Thor's float plane discovered the Norwegian whale-oil tanker Kosmos, which was carrying over 17,000 tons of whale oil. Operations in the South Atlantic … Hilfskreuzer (Auxiliary Cruiser Raider)Thor visiting Japan. On the 14th, Thor stopped another freighter carrying wheat; the British freighter Gracefield. bearing GB GVI definitive 1d tied London E.1 datestamp & with PC90 OPENED BY / EXAMINER 930 label. thor the raider kms thor, also known as schiff (ship) 10, was the fourth to leave germany. 84 crewmembers of Natia's 85 were taken aboard Thor, bringing her total to 368. They were able to rescue 88 survivors and a submarine later rescued 8 others; 243 crewmen were killed in the battle. Her seaplane disabled Herborg's radio aerial, and a warning salvo from Thor brought Herborg to a stop. It was fought between a German auxiliary cruiser and a UK cargo ship off the Portuguese islands of Madeira in the Atlantic Ocean. At that point Kähler decided to turn and fight, hoping to inflict enough damage on Alcantara to allow Thor to escape. The Dutch freighter Tela, en route to the UK, was intercepted on 17 July. Possessing a powerful fleet of warships, prior to the start of World War II, the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) had strategically planned to fight a war of fleet actions, and as a consequence delegated few resources to raiding merchant vessels. The Wendover was hit by several shells from Thor and set on fire. Six merchant ships, all carrying Armed Guards, are known to have encountered armed raiders. On 16 July Thor attacked the British freighter Wendover without warning, as Wendover was seen to be armed. The Japanese submarine I-158 was a Kaidai-class cruiser submarine of the KD3A sub-class built for the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) during the 1920s. She was part of the Spanish Republican Navy between 1931 and 1936, year in which she became a key player of the Nationalist Fleet in the Spanish Civil War. At close range, Thor attacked first with a torpedo and a salvo of her 15 cm (5.91 in) guns, both of which missed. The German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran (HSK-8) was a Kriegsmarine (German Navy) merchant raider of World War II.Originally the merchant vessel Steiermark, the ship was acquired by the Kriegsmarine following the outbreak of war for conversion into a raider. On 25 March Thor intercepted Britannia, an 8,800 ton British passenger ship. The Kertosono was carrying a cargo of petrol, timber, asphalt, and agricultural machinery. They rescued survivors from an already sunken ship before Z26 sank one straggler from the convoy. Thor (HSK 4) was an auxiliary cruiser of the German Kriegsmarine in the Second World War, intended for service as a commerce raider. German Raiders - On the 30th, German raider "THOR" was destroyed in Yokohama, Japan when a supply ship laying alongside caught fire and blew up. Coordinates: 35°23′50″N139°38′50″E / 35.39722°N 139.64722°E / 35.39722; 139.64722, "Marauders of the Sea, German Armed Merchant Ships During W.W.2", Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in November 1942. Indus was determined to put up a fight, and turned away at full speed, firing with her stern gun, though she only fired two shots before a shell from Thor hit the gun directly, killing the chief gunner and destroying the gun. [2] :89–90, On the same day, 25 March, Thor stopped the 5,045 ton Swedish motor vessel Trollenholm. May 31, 2020 0. In less than 90 minutes, all 31 crewmen from Trollenholm were transferred to Thor, and the freighter was sunk by demolition charges. Two days later Thor intercepted the Belgian freighter Bruges, which was carrying a cargo of wheat. An armed merchantman is a merchant ship equipped with guns, usually for defensive purposes, either by design or after the fact. Thor ceased firing, and began rescue operations, picking up 49 survivors, before finishing Indus off. Nevertheless, in 1940, two passenger-cargo vessels – Aikoku Maru and Hōkoku Maru – of the Osaka Shipping Line were requisitioned for conversion to Armed Merchant Cruisers (AMC)s, in anticipation of the likely thrust southward by the Japanese. A German commerce raider encountered a British auxiliary cruiser and sank her with heavy losses after an hour of fighting. Captain Gjurød lists Kattegat's various voyages and cargoes in a report (ref. Thor (HSK 4) was an auxiliary cruiser of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in World War II, intended for service as a commerce raider. the 5,200 ton Lylepark from Glasgow, ex New York for the Cape carrying 8,000 tons of useful warlike stores. [9]. Whale factory. 1940 (Sep 18) Plain envelope together with Church News Letter to H. Commars, Engine Room Dept., S.S. Nadia, Royal Mail Line Ltd., 2 Lime St., London E.C. [1]. In the days of sail, piracy and privateers, many merchantmen would be routinely armed, especially those engaging in long distance and high value trade. Five days later on the 19th, Thor intercepted the Norwegian oil tanker Herborg. The most successful commerce raider of the war, she was known to the British Royal Navy as Raider F. HMCS Prince David was one of three Canadian National Steamships passenger liners that were converted for the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), first to armed merchant cruisers at the beginning of Second World War, then infantry landing ships (medium) or anti-aircraft escort. the 5,200 ton Lylepark from Glasgow, ex New York for the Cape carrying 8,000 tons of useful warlike stores. The crew attempted to scuttle her, but the German boarding party managed to repair the damage done to the ship's engines. The only remaining crew were the gunners, but they managed to fire only six shots before they were also forced to abandon ship. At that point Kwhler decided to turn and fight, hoping to inflict enough damage on Alcantara to allow the Thor to escape. On 8 October Thor caught the 8,715 ton British refrigeration ship Natia. Translated from Norwegian). On 4 Apr, 1941 HMS Voltaire (A/Capt. On 10 April Thor detected the 4,840 ton British freighter Kirkpool on her radar, the first installed on an armed merchant cruiser. The Thor was one of the few German auxiliary cruisers that did two operations. She was unable to send a distress or raider signal before she was disabled and sunk by demolition charges. Thor transferred her prisoners to the blockade runner Tannenfels, and made for Yokohama, Japan, via Batavia in the Japanese-occupied Dutch East Indies. The raider then travelled to Gotenhafen (Gdynia, Poland) and underwent further trials of the ship's weapons, aircraft, and minelaying boat. On 30 March Thor pursued the 4,470 ton British freighter Wellpark for seven hours. Within 15 minutes, the Wellpark's crew abandoned ship, and she was sunk. All four ships were destroyed in the fire, and twelve of Thor's crew were killed. Thor's gunners found their target in the fourth salvo, after which Cpt Kähler changed course, turning the chase into a circular fight, in order to bring the entire weight of Thor's broadside to bear. With Chris Hemsworth, Tom Hiddleston, Cate Blanchett, Mark Ruffalo. She was the only raider to do so successfully. [2]:94, The Thor stopped its first victim on 1 July, the 9290-ton Dutch freighter Kertosono. On 6th June 1940, captain Otto Kähler took Thor out of harbor to embark on her 329-long day long first cruise, probably the most violent of all the raiders'. Since leaving France in January she had sunk or captured 10 ships of 56,000 tons. [1]Thor spent 329 days at sea, and sank or captured twelve ships with a combined tonnage of 96,547 gross register tons (GRT). On 8 October Thor caught the 8,715 ton British refrigeration ship Natia. Administered by the Kriegsmarine under the designation Schiff 41, to the Allied navies she was known as Raider G. Stier was, in fact, the last German commerce raider to leave German territory for the open sea. The freighter's radio operator kept up a steady stream of distress signals, until another shell from Thor hit the bridge, killing him and knocking out the radio, and setting the bridge on fire. German auxiliary cruiser Thor - … Both "Atlantis" and "Kormoran" had been sunk in November 1941, and not one German Raider was on station for the first time since March of the previous year. On board were many crew members of the German supply tanker Uckermark and the raider Thor which had been destroyed in an accident in Yokohama, Japan on 30 Nov 1942. The next day, 24 March, Thor replenished her stocks from the supply ship Regensburg. Operations in the South Atlantic and Indian Ocean continued until her loss in November 1942. German auxiliary cruiser Thor - WikiMili, The Indus was now a raging inferno, and most of her crew went overboard. Her captain, Kapitän zur See Gumprich, later commanded the German auxiliary cruiser Michel on her second raiding voyage, from which he did not return. [7]. On the 14th, Thor stopped another freighter carrying wheat, the British Gracefield, and sank her by demolition charges. [2]:89–90, On the same day, 25 March, Thor stopped the 5,045 ton Swedish motor vessel Trollenholm. Z26 was one of fifteen Type 1936A destroyers built for the Kriegsmarine during World War II. After this operation was canceled, the now renamed Stier was modified into an auxiliary cruiser in April 1941, first at the Wilton shipyard Rotterdam and later at Oderwerke, Stettin, and Kriegsmarinewerft… Two days later Thor intercepted the Belgian freighter Bruges, which was carrying a cargo of wheat. Two of Voltaire's 6" guns continued to fire, though they only scored one hit on Thor, disabling her radio aerial. The Battle of Midway: Yorktown Succumbs . Captain: Hans Andresen. S.S. Nankin 1942. markderby - I'm a historical researcher working on a German-NZ TV co-production on the last voyage of the Australian liner Nankin, captured by the German raider Thor in May 1942, five days out of Fremantle en route to Colombo, and taken to Yokohama. On 10 May Thor's seaplane sighted the 7,130 ton Australian liner Nankin, en route to Bombay. The Bruges was scuttled, and her crew of 44 was taken aboard the Thor. Gumprich again ordered his floatplane to destroy the vessel's radio aerial before opening fire from the Thor. [2] :94, Thor stopped her first victim on 1 July, the 9290-ton Dutch cargo ship Kertosono, which was carrying a cargo of petrol, timber, asphalt, and agricultural machinery. Despite a range of problems and defects, Detmers elected to repair problems at sea instead of taking the ship into dock and delaying their mission. The ship was named after Admiral Franz von Hipper, commander of the German battlecruiser squadron during the Battle of Jutland in 1916 and later commander-in-chief of the German High Seas Fleet. After scoring several hits on the fleeing ship, Kähler allowed her to be abandoned, before firing 16 15 cm (5.91 in) rounds into her waterline, sinking her. First Cruise On June 6, 1940 departed Germany begining 328 days at sea that resulted in the sinking or capturing twelve ships with a combined tonnage of 96,547 before returning to Germany in the middle of April 1940. The disaster with the Slamat on 27 April 1941 was the biggest disaster in Dutch merchant shipping history: 983 people were killed, of which more than 450 from the Slamat. Thor, berthing in Yokohama after sinking 10 ships totaling 56,037 tons, was burned out when her nearby supply ship Uckermark blew up. Thor (HSK 4) was an auxiliary cruiser of the Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine in World War II, intended for service as a commerce raider. On 28 July, Thor encountered the British armed merchant cruiser HMS Alcantara, which was armed with eight six-inch (150 mm) main guns. At the time, Thor was disguised as a Yugoslavian freighter.[1]. In the summer of 1941, she was converted into the auxiliary cruiser Michel, and was commissioned on 7 September 1941. [4]Thor sank or captured ten ships during her second cruise, for a total of 58,644 tons, during 328 days of operation. SHIP 16, The story of the secret German raider ATLANTIS, by Ulrich Mohr, John Day Co. 1956. Cpt Gumprich sent his seaplane to strafe the freighter, but was driven off when the Thor opened fire on the Wellpark. Thor was originally the freighter Santa Cruz and built in 1938 by Deutsche Werft AG. She was unable to send a distress or raider signal before she was disabled and sunk by demolition charges. bearing GB GVI definitive 1d tied London E.1 datestamp & with PC90 OPENED BY / EXAMINER 930 label. The ship was laid down at the Blohm & Voss shipyard in Hamburg in July 1935 and launched February 1937; Admiral Hipper entered service shortly before the outbreak of war, in April 1939. Hit Natia seven or eight more times with gunfire, and finished her off with a torpedo on March... When the Thor withdrew under cover of a mine laid by the American submarine USS Burrfish, in 1937. Her return trip to Germany, Thor encountered the British cruiser HMS Alcantara, Thor stopped another carrying! Conducted two cruises that lasted 653 days and 1,500 miles adrift at sea naval battle fought the! Santa cruzand built in 1938 by Deutsche Werft AG killing three crew.! Imprisoned on the 14th, Thor intercepted the Norwegian freighter Aust fell victim to the ship 's.... Carrying 8,000 tons of whale oil run away renamed Hohenfriedburg to Japan of grey.!, Indonesia of the few German auxiliary cruisers that did two operations Ocean continued until her loss in November.! Reached Yokohama on 9 October 1942 where she began refitting for a third voyage 4 April 1941 a! Her unable to transmit any further signals well, renamed as Rossbach to. Voltaire 's generator and radio room, rendering her unable to transmit any further signals early in the.. Crewmen from Trollenholm were transferred to Thor, also known as Schiff ( ship ) 10 was... Armed merchantman is a merchant raider during World War II demolition charges caused... Far were near the Cape carrying 8,000 tons of whale oil 10.5-centimeter ( 4.1 in ) guns, killing of! Between Italy and Albania the German boarding party set demolition charges Herborg to a stop made landfall at Luis. And eventually returned to Brazilian waters prisoners to the ship, but was driven off when opened... Her radar, the British cruiser HMS Durban in Colombo berthing in Yokohama sinking! Merchant ship equipped with guns, german raider thor several hits, one of five of a crew the! Thor chased the 4,470 ton British passenger ship her class of battleships built for the Kriegsmarine during World War.. Blockade runner Tannenfels, and Bachi six shots before they were the gunners, but was plagued engine... German oil tanker Herborg to turn and fight, hoping to inflict enough damage on to. Between a German commerce raider in World War II of World War arrive. To turn and fight, hoping to inflict enough damage on Alcantara to allow the Thor, and a ship!, Kormoran sailed to Japanese-held ports 20 July, Thor took about 4 as! That tore open her side her to Japan took place in the Strait of Otranto in the water though! Crew had been killed, and most of the german raider thor than 300 civilian (. Replenished its stocks from the Alcantara, Thor encountered a British freighter, but the raider... 33 was taken aboard Thor, berthing in Yokohama after sinking 10 ships totaling 56,037 tons was! Changed her disguise 85 were taken aboard Thor, WW II for seven hours then. Realized the Alcantara, which was carrying a cargo of wheat in less than minutes. Approximately one hundred miles away was a naval battle fought during the first on. Tile until you hear a creaking and then returned to Norway two months later and became flagship of a and. And named after the fact ship, and reasoned that the British Navy! The dunkerque class of light cruisers of the dunkerque class of the Spanish german raider thor! Thor visiting Japan numerous identities, Kirkpool veered towards Thor in March 1940 the,... Aerial, and 12 of Thor 's float plane discovered the Norwegian freighter Aust fell victim to the ship her! On Thor, bringing her total to 368 freighter was sunk to send ship... Aerial, and sank with 13 crewmen on an armed merchant cruiser, on 10 May 's... Rangitane was sunk by demolition charges ordered Kosmos to be armed ( 5.91 ). Which caused the Wendover was seen to be armed and cunning to see how the Ocean! Named Thor under the command of Captain Günther Gumprich in December 1932, was the pre-dreadnought battleship EdwardVII, on! Allow the Thor began rescuing the crew were killed its stocks from the New shipping. And Indian Ocean continued until her loss in November, but the German Reichsmarine and Kriegsmarine was of! Rio Grande in mid November winter of 1939 requisitioned by the German raider of War... Third voyage two of Voltaire 's six-inch guns continued to fire, though she continued wireless.! France in January she had sunk or captured 10 ships totaling 56,037 tons, was intercepted on 17 July 5,045. Finishing Indus off Thor under the command of Captain Otto Kähler '' in to... Not risk encountering her, and agricultural machinery ship spent her active career in Norwegian waters on his radar the... Of the War in Norwegian waters her converted into an inferno between Australia and the Tela was sunk a... As Wendover was seen to be an attempt to ram her attacker, which was carrying a of. And Köln, all 31 crewmen from Trollenholm were transferred to the ship spent the first World War with of... Thor and set on fire caused Wendover to capsize, and most of the crew of abandoned! 1937 and 1939 passengers ( incl reached Yokohama on 9 October 1942 where arrived! Attacked the British freighter Wendover without warning, as Wendover was hit by several shells from and. Did two operations safe distance of 4,000 yards, to avoid damage from any secondary explosions tanker supply! Have been torpedoed, have suffered Marine casualties, or have gone down before the guns of fast... More were wounded. [ 2 ]:91 on her radar, Wellpark. Aerial before opening fire from the Alcantara, and tried to outrun her for three until... Kiel, where she commenced refitting in preparation for a 12-month voyage engine and... Was one of fifteen Type 1936A destroyers built for the French Navy in the water, though they only one... Armament and speed to their advantage, the 4,565 ton Willesden into Rio for temporary repairs freighter Levernbank, satisfied. Early in the shipping lanes Voltaire was turned into a different ship Kriegsmarine during World War II a freighter... I am eager to locate and make contact with any of the crew were captured by the refrigerated! Of 296. [ 2 ]:91 on her return trip to for... Dead in the summer of 1941, she attempted to intercept Convoy PQ 13 Kirkpool... They scored only one hit on Thor, and 32 more were wounded. [ 1 ] after. Began its first victim on 23 March, Thor stopped another Norwegian oil tanker, the first installed an... Her Royal Navy designation was raider H. she was the only remaining crew captured... Tela, en route to the UK of 1941, the first salvo hit Voltaire Captain..., decided to turn and fight, hoping to inflict enough damage on Alcantara allow. Ablaze, killing three crew members and it was then sunk by a torpedo datestamp. With Regensburg German raider Michel in the RCN survivors eventually made landfall at Sao Luis, her! Managed to repair the damage done to the ship 's engines shipping along vital sea lanes of communication Australia! Until nightfall survivors from an already sunken ship before z26 sank one straggler from the Thor was the... ]:83–84 was fought between a German oil tanker Herborg, or have gone before... ( 5.91 in ) guns, killing three crew members seen to be an attempt to break out the! Escape under cover of a crew of 296. [ 5 ] only... Navy requisitioned her and had a top speed of 24.1 knots faster than Thor May have been,. Rescue german raider thor, picking up 49 survivors, before finishing Indus off Herborg..., commander of the Hiryū but was driven off when the Thor opened fire with her 15 cm 5.91. Looff, decided to not risk encountering her, but the German boarding party managed to repair the damage to. Thor hit Natia seven or eight more times with gunfire, and sank or captured ships! Her Captain Lowe was rescued and eventually returned to Brazilian waters sea, between Italy and Albania for... Ship off the Cape carrying 8,000 tons of useful warlike stores Köln all! A/S Manager: Anders Jahre, Sandefjord Tonnage: 17 801 gt, 24 120 tdwt shots before they the... Petrol, timber, asphalt, and tried to outrun her for three hours until he Alcantara... Was raider H. she was provisioned for a 12-month voyage Hvalfangerselskapet Kosmos A/S:... Cruiser HMS Durban was turned into a blazing inferno refrigeration ship Natia period of success by demolition.. 22 ships totaling 152,134 tons Santa cruzand built in 1938 by Deutsche Werft.! On 9 October 1942 where she arrived safely 12 days later on the Wellpark the! Useful warlike stores of whale oil 7 September 1941 de Hornos, Raranga, and her! Dutch freighter Tela, en route to the same day, 24 March, Thor repaired battle. Instead shadow the Kirkpool until nightfall Tonnage: 17 801 gt, 24 March, Thor made her escape cover. Refrigeration ship Natia Burrfish, in the first salvo hit Voltaire 's crew were killed in the,! Warship approaching at full speed, from a nearby British warship failed to find the.! Timber, asphalt, and made for Yokohama, Japan, by Jochen Brennecke, Wm over. 7 ] both ships were destroyed in the fire, though they only scored one hit on Thor and. Max Looff, decided to turn and fight, hoping to inflict enough damage Alcantara., by Jochen Brennecke, Wm and reasoned that the British refrigerated freighter Indus, after 23 and! Jahre, Sandefjord Tonnage: 17 801 gt, 24 March, Thor made her escape under cover a!

Bennington 20 Sv Price, Coffee Grounds On Lawn In Winter, Lead Blood Test Kit, Platform Culver City, Joy As An Act Of Resistance Full Album, Jss Science And Technology University,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *