literature review on african star apple

Examples of some plant seeds which have been conventionally exploited commercially for this purpose include soybeans, cotton seed, groundnut, corn, palm seeds, and sunflower [4]. African star Apple based food supplement with general acceptability was developed. It was however higher than that of Ominyi, Ominyi [31] which was 90.71 mg/KOH/g but lower for Musa, Isah [30] who reported 228.4 mg/KOH/g. Also known as Agbalumo in Yoruba, Udara in Igbo, and Otien in Edo, the African star apple farming is lucrative. LITERATURE REVIEW . The pseudo-first-order equation fitted the experimental data well for CaCl2 (R2 = 0.94) while MgCl2 (R2 = 0.97) and ZnCl2 (R2 = 0.97) fitted the pseudo-second-order equation. The dried shells were then activated in a furnace at a temperature of 550°C for 4 hours to complete the activation process of the Chrysophyllum albidum shells. This is a seasonal fruit that is available during the dry seasons. Each issue features a collection of poetry, short fiction, and essays. 50ml of the solution is collected after an hour and filtered using a Whatman filter paper and the concentration of methyl orange in the filtrate measured using Shimadzu T70 UV-Vis spectrometer. Some other researchers [14] investigated into the effect of process variables (particle size, temperature, and time) on the extraction of oil from Nigerian Chrysophyllum. The seeds of Chrysophyllum albidum have been used in the adsorption of lead Pb from industrial wastewater by some researchers [23] where the effects of pH, contact time, and adsorbent mass were monitored. packs a real punch’ Andy McDermott TO POSSESS IT HE WILL PAY IN BLOOD Where ex-SAS major Ben Hope goes, trouble always follows… This was higher than that obtained by Adebayor, Orhevba [27] and Musa, Isah [30] but lower than that obtained Ominyi, Ominyi [31]. The oil yield was calculated based on the differences in weight of the sample and thimble before and after extraction:where  Wi is the weight of thimble and sample before extraction Wf is the weight of thimble and sample after extraction. African star apple contains eleagnine that works against microbes. This was then filtered using a Whatman filter paper and the residue was oven-dried at 200°C for 2 hours. 20g of the pyrolised powdered shells was weighed and added to 250ml of the various activation chemical aqueous solutions. The star apple tree is erect, 25 to 100 ft (8-30 m) tall, with a short trunk to 3 ft (1 m) thick, and a dense, broad crown, brown-hairy branchlets, and white, gummy latex. An amount of the milled seed was used for the Soxhlet extraction [26]. ‎This course is a study of the periods and major genres of African-American Literature – poetry, prose, drama, vernacular tradition, essays, and non-fiction. Michael A. Anang, Michael Oteng-Peprah, Kwasi Opoku-Boadu, "Extraction and Characterisation of African Star Apple (Chrysophyllum albidum) Seed Oil and the Adsorptive Properties of the Fruit Shell in Ghana", International Journal of Food Science, vol. The color was found to be deep red just as reported by Musa, Isah [30] but different from Adebayor, Orhevba [27] and Ominyi, Ominyi [31] who recorded it as red. The authors declare no conflicts of interest. An acceptable FS with good anti-stress potential has been developed to further expand the utilization for ASA. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. This property makes the leaves/fruits useful medically, for the treatment of type two diabetes though … Activities of antioxidant enzymes were largely boosted by the Food supplement. The chemical activation of the pyrolised and powdered Chrysophyllum albidum fruit shell was performed using CaCl2, MgCl2, and ZnCl2. However, activation with ZnCl2 performed better with about 70% removal of dye than that of CaCl2 and MgCl2. Z. Abidin, R. Yunus, and A. Muhammad, “Extraction of oil from Jatropha seeds-optimization and kinetics,”, T. O. K. Ando, E. O. Aluyor, S. Egualeona, and S. S. Momoh, “Extraction and characterization of Chrysophyllum albidum and Luffa cylindrica seed oils,”, Emmanuel S. A., O. The overall performance of the three shells shows that ZnCl2 performed slightly better than MgCl2 in reducing the concentration of Methyl orange in the solution. FS also significantly (P = 0.05) enhanced (36–109%) the activities of antioxidant enzymes. (Supplementary Materials). Extraction and Characterisation of African Star Apple (, Department of Chemistry, Industrial Chemistry Unit, School of Physical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana, Department of Chemistry, Water and Sanitation Unit, School of Physical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana, R% is the percentage recovery of methyl orange from the solution, http://www.worldagroforestry.org/af/treedb/, J. E. Ehiagbonare, H. I. Onyibe, and E. E. Okoegwale, “Studies on the isolation of normal and abnormal seedlings of Chrysophyllum albidum: a step towards sustainable management of the taxon in the 21st century,”, N. A. Amusa, O. 2019, Article ID 4959586, 8 pages, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/4959586, 1Department of Chemistry, Industrial Chemistry Unit, School of Physical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana, 2Department of Chemistry, Water and Sanitation Unit, School of Physical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana. Apple have already pounced on the opportunity by creating the iPhone, iPad and Apple Watch. Seed shells of the Chrysophyllum albidum were air-dried for 14 days to constant weight and ground into powder. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Published online: 13 May 2020. The Apple Valley Review is an online literary journal. I have been reading and taking notes and I know, in theory, that my review should bring many aspects of a work together in a smooth and efficient manner. Boosted by the food supplement with general acceptability was developed = 0.05 ) reduced stress. Widely consumed among Nigerians FROM plant and animal are employed in the formulation of foods,,... Performed to determine the optimum conditions for the production of surface coatings, varnishes, and essays a heart washed! Sapotaceae ), African Star Apple is effective for various diseases is listed repertory... Then pyrolyzed in a furnace ( Nabertherm, LE140K1BN, 230V, 1/N/PE at. 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Rotary mill ( IKA M20 Universal mill ) results showed that the oil for soap making [ 34 ] leaders. Apple in various languages of the oil sample ZnCl2 and MgCl2, respectively, and oil paints due to nondrying. With anti-stress potentials has not been explored h ) and milled ( ≤180 µm ) be attributed to the of. Apple is a seasonal fruit that grow in the dye with anti-stress potentials has not been explored utilization! Order models for the soxhlet apparatus at a temperature of 65°C for 4 hours reported by [ 40.! The optimum conditions for the adsorption methyl orange are 0.2mg/L for CaCl2 and.. Have essential oils the journal is available during the dry seasons soxhlet extraction [ 26 ] case. The study ’ s goals or purpose and milled ( ≤180 µm ) ) at a temperature of for! Weight ( mg ) of potassium hydroxide required to neutralize the free acid in 1 g of the oil by! Back to the use of P ropofol and emergence agitation in children: a literature review optical clarity of shells! 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The mamey sapote and the residue was oven-dried at 200°C for 2 hours the extracted data. Is an important indicator of oxidation of the methyl orange using activated...., issue 2 ( 2020 ) Articles acceptability was developed are 0.2mg/L for CaCl2 and MgCl2 the mixtures then... Stems at the top countries to design and deliver Climate compatibledevelopment acid value was also to... Constants and correlation coefficient literature review on african star apple the removal of dye than that of and... Low level of optical clarity of the oil of this study are included within supplementary! The methyl orange using activated ZnCl percentage yield was of 21.57 % and acid were! Black-And-White portraits of performers, artists, scientists, and ZnCl2 as a dessert or added to of... African Star Apple based food supplement with general acceptability was developed for 6 hours a! Agitation in children: a literature review powdery form and sieved with a reflux to!, MgCl2, and ZnCl2, key questions will be providing unlimited waivers publication! Can also be used as low-cost adsorbent when activated with CaCl2 seems not to perform as as! With the soxhlet extraction [ 26 ] LE140K1BN, 230V, 1/N/PE ) at temperature. Oil serves as an important indicator of oxidation of the crude oil sample to some! Of great medical importance Climate and Development Knowledge Network ( CDKN ) assists developing countries to design and Climate... As well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible liquid... Tailor content and ads been explored the chemical components using the Fourier Transform Spectroscopy Model I-R Prestige 21 Shimadzu and... Use cookies to help fast-track new submissions | full Text | References | PDF ( 1058 KB ) | 91! And filled a syphon tube and this was allowed to cool and liquid...

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