Related information Safety for fishermen Fishing at sea is probably the most dangerous occupation in the world. Provision of modern peeling sheds for providing raw material to fish processing industry. Processed fishery products can include fish meal poultry feed, aquaculture feed, fish oil, fish glue etc. Which view do you agree with more? Shrimp make up a further 23 percent. The fisheries sector provides employment opportunities to an estimated 1.5 million individual fishermen, family members and related fishery workers, thereby providing direct support to nearly 6.0 million citizens throughout the country. Describe how the weight of fish caught changed in the years between 1996 and 2006. More employment/more income. Both the fish commodities, dried, salted or smoked and frozen excluding fillets and meat, also have increased in their production; however the production of latter commodity surpassed during the last five years. It is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization as including recreational, subsistence and commercial fishing, and the harvesting, processing, and marketing sectors. Local consumers generally prefer freshwater fish over marine fish because of their familiarity with river and inland farmed fish, as well as the fresh condition of the product. The advantages and disadvantages of foreign aid show us that it is an ethical and moral action that offers many positive outcomes. Each Fish Farm provides employment to the house hold for different period of time with income on harvest of fish as well for family consumption. He said fishery management laws should be of good policy and result oriented quality. Baluchistan has established fishing industry extensively; most of the fish catch either exports or supplies to Karachi. Seafood exports, already down by 11.3 percent in the first quarter of 2018-19, may drop further as trawlers and other boat owners have stopped going for fresh catch of fish and shrimps. Rahila Habib, 56, was among those attending the festival to pray the development is stopped. At present, the fisheries industry is not itself the driving force within the fisheries value chain. Table of Contents → Fishing (Introduction) →Fishing areas and methods →Problems of Fishing Industry →Government’s efforts to develop fisheries 3. The total maritime zone of Pakistan is over 30 percent of the land area. Karachi and Mekran are the most important fishing ports and are being developed by the Govt of Pakistan as a fishing centre by providing improved facilities such as an ice-factory, refrigeration plants, etc. Intensive marketing efforts at international level. When ban on fishing is fully implemented during the breeding season in June and July, better stocks develop, he said, adding that since the ban was implemented there were chances of better fishing in the current fiscal year. Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education tIndirect contribution from improved child health and income for women. In order to develop fisheries Pakistan should require balanced resource management. Public sector organizations need to move from being doers with a central role in the industry, to facilitators helping modernize a demand led food system. In some rural areas, notably in Sindh and Balochistan, where very limited alternative sources of income are available, fishery development has contributed significantly to improved living conditions. China is one of the largest buyers of Pakistan’s fish and fish preparations. Fish Farming is a new addition of recent past of 30 to 35 years to diversification of agricultural farm activities. 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The growth of fish farms in Pakistan is slow as compared to the benefits which it creates in the private sector. roads, power, telecommunications Adds value to fish The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations says that marine fishing is a significant economic activity off the coasts of Sindh and Balochistan. Most fish markets have inadequate facilities; usually they lack cold storage facilities, have poor hygienic conditions and inadequate communication links. Suggest two reasons for this decrease. Both the recipient and the donor can benefit in numerous ways. Most aquaculture product is consumed locally. This difference is reflected in both wholesale and retail prices, where fresh water fish is sold at a higher price than marine fish. Healthier food for people i.e. If coastal aquaculture of high value shrimp and finfish species were to develop, export earnings would increase. Almost 100 percent of the frozen and canned fishery products are exported, while the bulk of the processed fishmeal is used in the country in the manufacture of poultry feed or fish feed. How would you handle shipping something worth $200 that needs to be shipped freight? The agriculture with aquaculture needs: intensification, diversification, increased asset base, increased off farm income, and exit from agriculture. According to the World Bank, the National Policy and Strategy for Fisheries and Aquaculture Development in Pakistan drafted during Musharraf’s era remains largely relevant, though it was not adopted at the time due to political transition. Export in terms of quantity and value of the former fish commodity declined while the latter commodity increased during the same period. Over fishing is the major cause behind depletion of fish resources. The rest of the catch was used for other purposes, especially reduction to fishmeal. What would happen in the government just would print lots of money and had it out generously? Fisheries currently contribute only 0.4 percent to the GDP, and the sector’s approximately $350 million of exports appears to be at a standstill. Who knows how much to write out for each American? Introduction →Fishing is one of the oldest occupations for people who live near lakes, rivers and sea. Employment Import figures have shown that there is an increasing trend in the import of the latter fish commodity reflecting its potential demand in Pakistan. Employment in the primary sector peaked in 1997 at 416 405 fishermen, but declined to 324 489 in 2006. More than 50% of the world's population lives within 60km of the coastline. Imports of fish are negligible, whilst the value of exports of fishery products was about USD 196 million in 2006. Jessica Gephart and her colleagues remind us. Similar is the position of warm water fisheries potential of production throughout Pakistan which can also provide off farm employment and income for the rural population as well as export earnings for the country. Faisal Iftikhar, former president, Pakistan Fisheries Exporters Association, said, Pakistan’s fish and fish preparations exports fetch $2.27 to $2.5 per kilogram, which is lowest in the region’s average price of around $7per kg. Farmed fish tend to be marketed either at the farm gate, through intermediaries or by open auction, where ice-packed fish is sent to fish markets and sold. The most important export product categories are frozen fish excluding fish fillets, which account for 58 percent of export value. Omar Hayat, who is served as Director Fisheries, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa termed poverty a highly complex phenomenon, which cannot be understood in purely sectorial terms. (opposite). Buyers of fishery products can be members of the public, retailers, wholesalers and agents for processing plants or exporters. If we study current condition of Pakistan’s fishing industry it determines the ecological environment of Pakistan’s fisheries and explains current developments in technology and their effect on the fish catch. Exports may increase in the next few years due to the establishment of a new land trading route from Gwadar to Guangdong, China. The fisheries sector in Pakistan offers direct employment to over one million people, most of which work as fishermen. Although its share of the GDP currently is 0.9%, Pakistan earns 6% of its total foreign exchange earnings by exporting fishes, shrimps and other fish products. The government has now decided to develop the port of Pasni as a full-time commercial port for Pakistan along with China-Pakistan Economic Corridor to help the cargo activities in the area. Patron Sindh Trawlers and Fisherman Association (Stofa), Sarwar Siddiqui said STOFA, PFEA and Fishermen Cooperative Society have moved to the Sindh High Court against the deep sea fishing licensing policy. CTRL + SPACE for auto-complete. Diversification, which includes aquaculture, which can be considered to be the single most promising source of farm poverty reduction in the coming years in Pakistan. Higher temperatures are reducing river flows, further damaging habitat quality in the delta. It can also be the cause of strife and conflict, especially if … It contributes only 0.3 percent to overall Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 1.3 percent to agricultural GDP and less than 1 percent to national employment. Now, there are over 2,400 trawlers, most have switched from shrimp to ‘trash’ fishing as a result of the depleted stocks, and more are still being built. Also, harvested fish contributes to employment creation in food processing industries, transport sector and restaurants. The inland sector is somewhat more labor intensive and less productive 177,572 fishermen each producing an average of 0.80 ton per year compared with the more mechanized marine sector 146,917 fishermen each producing 2.59 ton per year. The expert asked the government that should focus on new policy which should maintain satisfactory management for the regulation of the Pakistan’s fish industry for inland fisheries and coastal and deep water fisheries. Seafood Exports Plunge 11 percent to $67m in First Quarter of FY2019 It addressed four topics high on the The Financial Daily is Pakistan's most comprehensive financial newspaper and financial news website. Products are sold into the market to wholesalers and then onto retailers and end consumers through agents working on a commission basis. Worlds biggest fishing industry. Join Yahoo Answers and get 100 points today. Pakistan with a coast line of 814 km still has many fish species which are not used to promote fish industry at national and international market. Industry stakeholders complain that Pakistani seafood fetches lower value in the international market as the quantity of exportable fish has depleted due to various reasons, including overfishing. A Developing inland fish farming has greater benefits for the people and economy and is more sustainable. The factors contributing to growth involve government efforts, fleet expansion and development of export markets. It is recommended that policy and regulatory steps be taken to reduce the fleet size overall to less than 6,000 vessels and the trawler fleet should be specifically limited to less than 600 out of the total, recommended the project findings. Pakistan’s most valuable demersal fisheries resources have been declining in overall abundance since at least 1984, in some cases by 90 percent or more. Marketing Fish landing has fallen by 20-25 percent from October till date, Mr Abidi claimed. Shrimp culture for export pur- He blames it on the lower quality of fish meal. kms. Pakistan’s seafood exports have increased 27.94 percent to 198,420 ton fetching $451.026 million for the national exchequer in fiscal year 2017-18, according to market officials. Fishing Industry (Pakistan) 2. development . Out of total 4. The report said the prospects for an economically vibrant and growing fishery were poor, and reduced exports, value, and food fish production were all to be expected even as fish meal production increases. An urgent action to prevent the present damaging levels of overfishing could preserve the productivity of marine resources for future generations. © Copyright 2020 The Financial Daily International. In the non-mechanical category there are dried fish, dried shrimp, shark fin, fish maw/stomach, live lobster, live crab and fish roes/ovaries. Out of the total marine fish production, the percentage for human consumption ranged between 65 and 70 percent in 2006. The industry is dominated by carp, with small quantities of tilapia and trout. Billions of people are depending on the scarce marine resources, they are depending on the fishermen and the fish that they bring home. Deep water Sheltered harbour/creeks/inlets Close to Karachi/relieve pressure on Karachi Port Near steelworks/Pakistan Steel Mill Flat land Space for industrial development fisherman / worker on a fish farm factory worker / canner / freezer lorry driver / office worker  (e) What are the benefits and problems of developing either marine fishing or inland fish farming in Pakistan? Aquaculture should not be viewed as separate technology in Agriculture sector but should be considered as one part of agricultural activities. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. Are Congress right to give $15 billion in aid for independent music venues and movie theaters or no? Aquaculture is also seen as a means of filling an expected future gap between supply and demand for fish. Managing Fishing. The contribution of aquaculture is too meager as compared to fisheries. Better communication e.g. An expert on fisheries sector and environment, Omar Hayat said that during this period highest production, 93,820 ton, was observed in 1994. This need for Pakistani fish has boosted fishing industry. The Karachi fish harbour is severely affected by a variety of pollutants. Later, the fleet expanded and is now mostly mechanized. Imports are a relatively small but growing component of the Pakistan fisheries sector. The population of Pakistan is increasing with an annual growth rate of 2.6% (Raza and Siddiqui, 2014). resources in Pakistan. Pakistan’s marine fisheries are diverse, with almost 250 demersal fish species, 50 small pelagic fish species, 15 medium-sized pelagic species, and 20 large pelagic fish species. Mr Siddiqui also claimed that landing of fish would almost come to a standstill in a couple of days as no new trawlers left for fishing in the past two weeks. Read the following two views about ways to develop the fishing industry in Pakistan sustainably: B Developing marine fishing has greater benefits for the people and economy and is more sustainable. A marine capture fishery comprises a fleet of around 3,600 bottom trawlers from Sindh, 5,550 gillnetters working both the Sindh and Balochistan waters, and a further 20,000 smaller vessels fishing coastal waters, especially the rich Indus Delta and creek area. One fishing trawler was arrested on October 13 while returning to Karachi harbor despite valid fishing permits from the Sindh government and Custom’s Port clearance. • evaluate the benefits of developing mineral resources and understand the sustainability of extraction ... • understand the problems facing the fishing industry and evaluate the possibilities for its further development and sustainability. Fishery laws should deal among development of fishing size, quality, banned over fishing and establish more national master management plans for off-shore fisheries and to promote coastal resources. The Fisheries Resources Appraisal in Pakistan Project, a Unilateral Trust Fund project of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the UN and the government of Pakistan have also pointed to depletion of seafood resources. In the 1980s it was estimated that the fleet was approximately 6,500 vessels and it is now over 11,500. the Fishing for Development joint meeting, which was held in April 2014 at OECD headquarters in Paris. A high proportion of those employed are women working in shrimp processing plants sorting and peeling. U.S. count shows no Pakistan F-16s shot down in Indian battle: report, 2019 with coming year of 2020 for Pakistan economy, The History of Palestine and Israel in the light of Hebrew Bible, Professor Noam Chomsky : “Father of modern linguistics”, Karachi can see lowest temperature in 7 years today: Met, Turkey observing 2nd anniversary of failed coup on Sunday, New missile gap leaves US scrambling to counter China. Still have questions? Projected sea level rise and increased cyclonic activity due to higher sea surface temperatures threaten mangrove areas, which are crucial to wild shrimp breeding, one of Pakistan’s largest export fisheries. The fishing industry includes any industry or activity concerned with taking, culturing, processing, preserving, storing, transporting, marketing or selling fish or fish products. Describe how marine fishing methods can be improved. The rest of the catch was used for other purposes, especially reduction to fishmeal. The meeting was convened to initiate a dialogue between the fisheries and the development policy communities from OECD and FAO Members and partner countries on key issues of shared interest. Given low per capita consumption of fish at home, exports are an important component of Pakistan’s fisheries sector. … Fish caught at Keti Bunder is transported to Karachi Fish Harbor in a poor manner, which deteriorates its quality. Women also constitute most of the labor force involved in net repair. At issue is their opposition to the Deep Sea Fishing Licensing Policy 2018. Aquaculture in Pakistan has immense potential for development of fisheries sector and in fact it is gradually increasing. Out of the total marine fish production, three percentages for human consumption ranged between 65 and 70 percent in 2006. Consumption Revival of exports to EU had no significant impact over Pakistan’s total seafood exports, the official said, adding that only one factory exported to EU, and that too on lower prices at par with China. So congress approved $900B for STIMULUS CHECK. If there is any irregularity to manage fish resources and their management, Government has been enforced to mediate, rightly or wrongly, to fill this space. Whereas, fish protein as a percentage of total protein supply in Pakistan was only 1p percent, in Asia was 10 percent and in World was 6 percent. Country’s fish exports plunged to 28,185 ton ($67 million) versus 29,544 ton valuing $76m in same period last fiscal. It is located about 300 km from Karachi. Prices tend to decline when the fish is more than 3 kg; other factors include freshness of the fish and the supply demand situation in the market. 1. The marketing chain for fish is similar to that for other agricultural commodities. Marine and coastal aquaculture, such as shrimp farming, are almost non-existent. What is more, the government is considering a bit more attention towards the fisheries sector by investing substantial amount . Other neighboring countries which have focused on aquaculture have taken leap forward in exports, employment generation as well income for rural communities. Advantages &disadvantages of fishing industry to Pakistan Advantages: More food. (d) Give an example of primary, secondary and tertiary employment in the fishing industry. Muhammad Ali Shah, chairmen Pakistan Fisher folk Forum, a representative body of fishermen, said processing and transportation of fish to the harbor was poor, which deteriorated the fish quality resulting in lower prices in the international market. Capt Akhlaque, whose factory is the only one exporting seafood to EU, said, We are not in a bargaining position. Other buyers include Hong Kong, Indonesia, Egypt, Middle East, UK, Thailand, South Korea, Bangladesh etc. Pasni is a medium-sized city and a fishing port in alongside the Makran coastline Baluchistan, Pakistan. Fishing is one of the oldest occupations for people who live near lakes, rivers and seas; with the progress of civilization, fishing communities started breeding fishes on farms this is also known asaq ua culture. It is clear that, the probable future need for considerable labor in marketing and distribution, the greatest potential for creating new jobs will be in the secondary sector. As far as marine capture fisheries are concerned, the World Bank report warned that Pakistan’s major marine fisheries are either fully or overexploited. While regulations for the fishing industry do exist, their real impact is questionable and there are some basic steps that would have a huge impact. Fish is a source of cheap and valuable animal protein for the population, and the industry makes a major contribution to the economy of Pakistan as an earner of foreign exchange. Akhlaque said commercial fish stocks had not depleted completely. There are a large number of fishermen’s villages all along Pakistan’s coast line where fishing is primary source of earnings for centuries. Trout is more than 50000-100000 metric ton per cycle worth more than half a billion dollars revenue and creating employment for the rural youth in the remote hilly rural regions of the country. Shah said that deep sea fishing and overfishing had affected the commercial fish stocks, which were rapidly reducing in Pakistani waters. Fisheries and aquaculture in Pakistan face specific impacts from climate change. In the Philippines, the Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center Aquaculture Depart-ment was established and emphasized shrimp production technology. Trawler owners are not going for fishing due to fear as Maritime Securities Agency (MSA) had also started implementing the new deep sea policy. Given low per capita consumption of fish at home, exports are an important component of Pakistan’s fisheries sector. Flake ice plants on harbours. The approach also aims to help workers in fisheries, aquaculture, and along the seafood value chain to act not only as resource users but to play an active role in managing natural resources for the benefit of future generations. AS the country’s fisheries face challenges and remain below their economic potential, a Blue Revolution has been proposed to increase fisheries’ production, and improve value-addition to drive both domestic and export oriented growth. In 1958, the first modern fish harbour was constructed at the Karachi District. high protein, low cholesterol. These vessels are scheduled to arrive in a day or two. tOver 40 million people in the developing world are engaged in fishing and fish farming. These new modeling tools and technical innovation is required to be implemented in the country. On the other hand, fish farming is an important source of income for aquaculture investors. Otherwise none of the boat owners are going for fresh catch, said President Pakistan Fisheries Exporters Association (PFEA), Syed Akhlaq Hussain Abidi. The mechanical category includes freezing plants, canning, fishmeal plants and fish liver oil extraction plants. The coastal belt is characterized by a meshwork of estuaries and creeks with mangrove forestry that serve as nursery grounds for species of finfish and shellfish. This was a prepara-tion period for the shrimp culture industry in the world. Pakistan is currently dependent on the arrival of boats and trawlers which are returning to the harbor. It’s easy to forget just how environmentally friendly wild capture fisheries are as a means for providing food. The fishing industry of Pakistan has the potential for further developments. Promotion of marine aquaculture. The freshwater catch is marketed fresh for local consumption. The major commercial fish stocks face considerable overfishing, and in some instances, are already depleted. With a coastline of 814 km Pakistan has enough resources for that remains to fully development. At WorldFish, we spend a lot of time thinking about how improving fisheries and aquaculture can reduce poverty and hunger. Economic Role The quantity was down 2.87 percent to 5,452 ton from 5,613 ton. According to Marine Fisheries Department, there are around 150 fish and seafood exporting firms in Pakistan, of which 35 operate in the premises of Karachi Fish Harbor. Advantages (res 2) Stimulates development of fishing industry / port facilities (other than processing) Gwadar Port Reduced cost of transport (than to Karachi) More fresh / no delay / no need for storage Infrastructure development, e.g. Are thank you letters to companies that interviewed you a thing of the past? More than 100,400 ton fish were exported in the same period. Adoption of a national policy framework could help coordinate development, ensuring that tradeoffs are minimized. The potential of only one type of fish i.e. Pakistan now has more than 29,000 marine fishing vessels in total. better roads & telecommunication in Baluchistan. (i) Give two reasons why this site was chosen for a new port. All markets are under the control of the local administrations. The World Bank report Revitalizing Pakistan’s Fisheries says that the European Union countries, Japan, and the United States are the world’s biggest export markets for seafood, yet at present, they account for less than 3 percent of Pakistan’s fisheries export earnings about $9.3m annually. Pakistan has a continental shelf area of 50,270 km and coastline length of 1,120 km. The export of fish and fishery products has increased by 21.6 percent in quantity and 10.5 percent in value during 2017 to 18. Pakistan earned $264m, while the export for 2016-17 of fish and fishery products was 89,032 metric ton which earned $239m. Fish markets are very common in Sindh and at selected locations in Punjab. Get your answers by asking now. World Bank Warned that Pakistan’s Major Marine Fisheries Are Either Fully or Overly Exploited Moreover, the multinational corporation offered its support in developing systems to upgrade Pakistan’s fisheries related ports infrastructure and its efficient handling. The inland fisheries has a great potential also which is often overlooked and of low priority by the policy makers. There are 27 processing plants for the production of frozen products in Pakistan, one for canning and 8 for fishmeal processing. Increased intrusion of saline water in the Indus Delta is already harming fish breeding grounds. First, imposing catch limits that reduce over-fishing would go a long way to ensuring the health of vulnerable species and the marine environment. The current information which focuses on modeling and technical work out in other countries to fishery management tools which is supposed to be a legal approach are not being used in the country. Pakistan - Pakistan - Economy: After several experiments in economic restructuring, Pakistan currently operates a mixed economy in which state-owned enterprises account for a large portion of gross domestic product (GDP). Aquaculture has resulted in job creation in fields such as animal research and fish hatchery management. Human resource development … Fisheries Development Strategy SMEDA 5 Introduction Pakistan has a total coastline of 1,050 km and a total fishing area of approximately 300,270 sq. Pakistan’s major buyers are China, Thailand, Malaysia, Middle East, Sri Lanka and Japan. During1999-2002, SMEDA worked for the uplift of the fishing industry through a number of measures. The Pakistan Economic Survey 2017 to 18 estimated that during the first eight months of fiscal year 2017 to18, total marine and inland fish production was estimated at 482,000 metric ton, out of which 338,000 metric ton was from marine waters and the remaining catch came from inland waters. Fishing in Pakistan is one of main source of export earnings and plays an essential role to develop national economy. Pakistan is a peaceful country and it is islamic democracy and they export fish to all over the world. Pakistan Fish Exports Up 27.94 Percent, Netting $451.026 Million in FY18 The time is right for Pakistan to launch the revolution suggests the World Bank, stating that such blue growth prioritizes the sustainable management of natural aquatic resources in the delivery of economic and social benefits. Export e.g. The volume of fish exports during 2013-2014 was 140,000-150,000 ton this was mainly due to reopening of EU market and high demand of Pakistani fish mainly in China and Vietnam. The annual per capita fish consumption in Pakistan was about 2.0 kg in 2006. Shrimps to Japan, dried fish to UAE and Sri Lanka which help to earn foreign exchange. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations says that marine fishing is a significant economic activity off the coasts of Sindh and Balochistan. Economically, balanced fishery management requires the revolution of common property through a restricted entry system intended to raise net benefits from the fishery. With the increasing shortage of fish resources, fisheries management becomes more critical. The fishing industry of Pakistan has the potential for further developments. Imports of fish are negligible, whilst the value of exports of fishery products was about USD 196 million in 2006. Marine pollution and use of harmful nets are increasing the woes, he added. Pakistan economy is rural based where 70 percent of the work force is engaged in different agricultural activities. 393.662 million off 155,091 ton in 2016-17 what natural disaster are you concerned... Something worth $ 200 that needs to be implemented in the world 's population lives within of. 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Than 100,400 ton fish were exported in the world there are 27 processing plants for the exchequer which! Percent to 5,452 ton from 5,613 ton too meager as compared to fisheries which were rapidly reducing in Pakistani.! Universal primary education tIndirect contribution from improved child health and income for aquaculture investors 10.5 percent in 2006 deteriorates quality. Caught changed in the marine fishery is basically due to the benefits which creates. Enough resources for that remains to fully development fish processing industry dependent on the lower quality of fish home. Usually they lack cold storage facilities, have poor hygienic conditions and inadequate communication links concerned about and did! Cause behind depletion of fish meal coastline divided into the market to wholesalers agents!
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